Authentication: SAML2 Single sign on
SAML2 Single sign on 2019022100
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100% Moodle SAML fast, simple, secure
- What is this?
- Why is it better?
- How does it work?
- Other SAML plugins
- Warm thanks
What is this?
This plugin does authentication, user auto creation with field mapping.
Why is it better?
- 100% configured in the Moodle GUI - no installation of a whole separate app, and no touching of config files or generating certificates.
- Minimal configuration needed, in most cases just copy the IdP metadata in and then give the SP metadata to your IdP admin and that's it.
- Fast! - 3 redirects instead of 7
- Supports back channel Single Logout which most big organisations require (unlike OneLogin)
How does it work?
It completely embeds a SimpleSamlPHP instance as an internal dependancy which is dynamically configured the way it should be and inherits almost all of it's configuration from Moodle configuration. In the future we should be able to swap to a different internal SAML implementation and the plugin GUI shouldn't need to change at all.
- SimpleSAMLphp version 1.14.10
- Dual login VS forced login for all as an option, with ?saml=off on the login page for manual accounts, and ?saml=on supported everywhere to deep link and force login via saml if dual auth is on.
- SAML attributes to Moodle user field mapping
- Automatic certificate creation
- Optionally auto create users
- Support for multiple identity providers
Features not yet implemented:
- Enrolment - this should be an enrol plugin and not in an auth plugin
- Role mapping - not yet implemented
Install the plugin the same as any standard moodle plugin either via the Moodle plugin directory, or you can use git to clone it into your source:
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:catalyst/moodle-auth_saml2.git auth/saml2
Or install via the Moodle plugin directory:
Then run the Moodle upgrade
If your IdP has a publicly available XML descriptor, copy it's url into the SAML2 auth config settings page. Otherwise copy the XML verbatum into the settings textarea instead.
If your IdP requires whitelisting each SP then in the settings page is links to download the XML, or you can provide that url to your IdP administrator.
For most simple setups this is enough to get authentication working, there are many more settings to define how to handle new accounts, dual authentication, and to easily debug the plugin if things are not working.
Most of the configuration is done in the Moodle admin GUI and should be self explanatory for someone familiar with SAML generally. There are a few extra configuration items which are currently don't have a GUI and should be added to your moodle config.php file:
$CFG->auth_saml2_disco_url = ''; $CFG->auth_saml2_store = '\\auth_saml2\\redis_store'; # Use an alternate store $CFG->auth_saml2_redis_server = ''; # Required for the redis_store above
This plugin has been tested against:
- SimpleSamlPHP set up as an IdP
- An AAF instance of Shibboleth
- OpenAM (Sun / Oracle)
- Microsoft ADFS
To configure this against testshib you will need a moodle which is publicly accessible over the internet. Turn on the SAML2 plugin and then configure it:
Home ► Site administration ► Plugins ► Authentication ► SAML2
- Set the Idp URL to: https://www.testshib.org/metadata/testshib-providers.xml
- Set dual auth to Yes
- Set auto create users to Yes
- Click on 'Download SP Metadata'
- Save the settings
- Upload that file to: https://www.testshib.org/register.html
- Logout and login, you should see 'TestShib Test IdP' as an alternate login method and be able to login via the example credentials.
If you are having any issues, turn on debugging inside the SAML2 auth plugin, as well as turning on the moodle level debugging. This will give in depth debugging on the SAML xml and errors, as well as stack traces. Please include this in any github issue you create if you are having trouble.
There is also a standalone test page which authenticates but isn't a 'moodle' page. All this page does is echo the saml attributes which have been provided by the IDP. This can be very handy for setting up the mappings, ie for when the IDP might be providing the right attributes but under an unexpected key name.
If you can succesfully do a saml login using this page then is narrows down where the issues lies. Some common issues are:
1) You received a valid set of saml attributes, but the attribute(s) needed are not present. ie often with say ADFS you may have to specify to 'release' the username.
2) You have got a valid set of attributes, but the key for the username isn't what you expected. Cut and paste the correct key name into the Moodle auth_saml2 config page to correctly map the 'idpattr' value.
3) The attribute key name might be a really crazy long looking string. This is common with ADFS. If that long string contains certain characters then moodle will not accept it, and this is an issue in Moodle itself and applies to all auth plugins. You can add a custom claim in ADFS to rename this attribute to something nicer. See this for more: https://github.com/catalyst/moodle-auth_saml2/issues/124
4) If it is bringing across all the attributes properly, but you are getting: "You have logged in succesfully as 'xyz' but do not have an account in Moodle" then you either need to change your user provisioning process to ensure users are created ahead of time, or you need to enable the 'autocreate' setting. If you do auto create then you need to be very careful that autocreated users, and users provisioned via other means, and consistently setup.
Multiple IdPs When using multiple IdPs the system will force enable the dual login setting. This is so that a list of possible identity providers will be presented to the user when logging in.
To enable multiple IdPs you can use the 'IdP metadata xml OR public xml URL' configuration field. An example might look like this,
Identity Provider Name http://ssp1.local/simplesaml/saml2/idp/metadata.php http://ssp2.local/simplesaml/saml2/idp/metadata.php
If there is any text before the http scheme then it will be used as the override name.
It is not be recommended to use the 'IdP label override' configuration option with multiple IdPs.
If you are getting signature issues with OpenAM then you may need to manually yank out the contents of the ds:X509Certificate element into a file and then import it into OpenAM's certificate store:
$ cat moodle.edu.crt -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- thesuperlongcertificatestringgoeshere= -----END CERTIFICATE----- $ keytool -import -trustcacerts -alias moodle.edu -file moodle.edu.crt -keystore keystore.jks
Then follow the prompts and restart OpenAM.
It is only possible to unlock the certificates via the command line. These certificates are located in the $CFG->dataroot/saml2 directory.
To unlock the certificates please restore the write permissions to the required files.
$ cd $CFG->dataroot/saml2 $ chmod 0660 site.example.crt $ chmod 0660 site.example.pem
OpenSSL errors during certificate regeneration
Some environments, particularly Windows-based, may not provide an OpenSSL configuration file at the default location, producing errors like the following when regenerating certificates:
error:02001003:system library:fopen:No such process error:2006D080:BIO routines:BIO_new_file:no such file error:0E064002:configuration file routines:CONF_load:system lib
To work around this, set the
OPENSSL_CONF environment variable to the location
within your environment.
Okta has some weird names for settings which are confusing, this may help decipher them:
|Okta name||Sane name||Value|
|Single sign on URL||ACS URL||
|Audience URI||Entity ID||
|Enable Single Log Out||Enable Single Log Out||True|
|Single Logout URL||Single Logout URL||
|Assertion Encryption||Assertion Encryption||Encrypted|
Suggested attribute mappings:
Other SAML plugins
The diversity and variable quality and features of SAML Moodle plugins is a reflection of a great need for a solid SAML plugin, but the neglect to do it properly in core. SAML2 is by far the most robust and supported protocol across the internet and should be fully integrated into moodle core as both a Service Provider and as an Identity Provider, and without any external dependencies to manage.
Here is a quick run down of the alternatives:
- /auth/shibboleth - This requires a separately installed and configured Shibbolleth install
One big issue with this, and the category below, is as there is a whole extra application between moodle and the IdP, so the login and logout processes have more latency due to extra redirects. Latency on potentially slow mobile networks is by far the biggest bottle neck for login speed and the biggest complaint by end users in our experience.
Plugins that require SimpleSamlPHP
These are all forks of each other, and unfortunately have diverged quite early or have no common git history making it difficult to cross port features or fixes between them.
Plugins which embed a SAML client lib:
These are generally much easier to manage and configure as they are standalone.
https://moodle.org/plugins/view/auth_onelogin_saml - This one uses it's own embedded saml library which is great and promising, however it doesn't support 'back channel logout' which is critical for security in any large organisation.
This plugin, with an embedded and dynamically configured SimpleSamlPHP instance under the hood
If you have issues please log them in github here
Please note our time is limited, so if you need urgent support or want to sponsor a new feature then please contact Catalyst IT Australia:
Thanks to the various authors and contributors to the other plugins above.
Thanks to LaTrobe university in Melbourne for sponsoring the initial creation of this plugin:
Thanks to Centre de gestion informatique de l’éducation in Luxembourg for sponsoring the user autocreation and field mapping work:
This plugin was developed by Catalyst IT Australia:
- Version build number
- Version release name
- Can be updated to
- 2019110701 (2019110701)
- Stable version
- MD5 Sum
- Supported software
- Moodle 2.7, Moodle 2.8, Moodle 2.9, Moodle 3.0, Moodle 3.1, Moodle 3.2, Moodle 3.3, Moodle 3.4, Moodle 3.5
- This is the latest release for Moodle 2.7
- This is the latest release for Moodle 2.8
- This is the latest release for Moodle 2.9
- This is the latest release for Moodle 3.0
- This is the latest release for Moodle 3.1
- This is the latest release for Moodle 3.2
- This is the latest release for Moodle 3.3
- This is the latest release for Moodle 3.4
- The more recent release 2019110701 (2019110701) exists for Moodle 3.5
Version control information
- Version control system (VCS)
- VCS repository URL
- VCS tag
Default installation instructions for plugins of the type Authentication
- Make sure you have all the required versions.
- Download and unpack the module.
- Place the folder (eg "myauth") in the "auth" subdirectory.
- Visit http://yoursite.com/admin to finish the installation