Thanks, everyone, for you input.
While I think there is general consensus that a number of the gradebook terms that make sense to programmers may not correspond to ways we as teachers describe grading to our students, colleagues, etc..., it is harder to know what to do about it. Clearly, making changes at this point cause problems with documentation, current training, etc.
One part of the solution is just to accept that a certain amount of required training is needed to use the tool.
In addition, instructions on how to locally change the language packs locally can address the concern for those who still would like the strings to be different. For example, if the grade.php file that is attached is placed by the site administrator into the folder /moodledata/lang/en_utf8_local, then it can be the starting point for a site to customize these strings to be somewhat more intuitive.
Unless one wants to be especially aggressive in dealing with this issue, it seems like the above two steps can be approaches that can address some of the concerns.
Community input requested on some Gradebook 1.9 terms
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