Glossary of common terms


This glossary defines a number of words you will see used often in discussions about Moodle - you'll find them highlighted throughout this course.

If you wish to import this glossary to your Moodle site, you can download this file of exported entries: glossary_of_common_terms_20101214.xml.

Please feel free to add new words here!


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Picture of Carlos Mação

Firebird

by Carlos Mação - Saturday, 5 July 2008, 4:59 AM
 

Firebird is a fully featured and powerful RDBMS and is derived from Borland InterBase 6.0 source code, which has more than 20 years of handling databases from just a few KB to many Gigabytes with good performance and almost free of maintenance!

It is open source and has no dual license. Below is a list of some of the Firebird’s major features:

  • Firebird has full SQL 92 Entry Level 1 Support and implements most of the SQL-99 standard, plus some very useful additions.
  • Full support of Stored Procedures and Triggers
  • Full ACID compliant transactions
  • Referential Integrity
  • Multi Generational Architecture
  • Very small footprint
  • Fully featured internal language for Stored Procedures and Triggers (PSQL)
  • Support for External Functions (UDFs)
  • Little or no need for specialized DBAs
  • Almost no configuration needed - just install and start using!
  • Big community and lots of places where you can get free and good support
  • Optional single file embedded version - great to create CDROM catalogs, single user or evaluation versions of applications
  • Dozens of third party tools, including GUI administrative tools, replication tools, etc.
  • Careful writes - fast recovery, no need for transaction logs!
  • Many ways to access your database: native/API, dbExpress drivers, ODBC, OLEDB, .Net provider, JDBC native type 4 driver, Python module, PHP, Perl, etc.
  • Native support for all major operating systems, including Windows, Linux, Solaris, MacOS.

Firebird is financially supported by Firebird Foundation which get his founds from company donations and paid membership subscriptions.

See http://www.firebirdsql.org/ for more information.

Entry link: Firebird

Picture of Markus Ebenhoeh

SQL

by Markus Ebenhoeh - Saturday, 5 July 2008, 5:29 AM
 
short for 'Structured Query Language'


(I entered this entry only because a forum search for 'firebird' also brought up ALL the entries that included 'sql' even as a substring as e.g. in 'mysqladmin'.)


Entry link: SQL

Tabitha - Cave, Stewart Island, NZ

IMO

by Tabitha Roder - Friday, 12 September 2008, 6:37 PM
 
In My Opinion... sometimes... IMHO - In My Humble Opinion
Entry link: IMO

Volcano

BDFL

by Gary Anderson - Friday, 12 September 2008, 6:38 PM
 
Benevolent Dictator For Life.

Often the founder and lead developer for open-source software projects. This individual often must make critical decisions in the design of an ongoing project in order to maintain consistency and resolve disputes.

Guido van Rossum, the project leader of Python, is an individual who is often given this label.

See also:

http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Benevolent_Dictator_for_Life
Entry link: BDFL

Picture of Zoe Bogner

Firebug

by Zoe Bogner - Monday, 17 November 2008, 4:37 AM
 
Firebug is a plug-in for the Firefox web browser, allowing users to inspect and edit HTML and CSS, monitor network activity, debug JavaScript and much more.

It is one of many Firefox plug-ins often recommended by the community to people creating and modifying Moodle Themes.

Firebug van be downloaded from www.getfirebug.com
Entry link: Firebug

Picture of James Irwin

UTT

by James Irwin - Tuesday, 9 December 2008, 1:20 AM
 
UTT is a forum term and is an abbreviation of Undescriptive Thread Title.

Examples of this could be "hey guys" or "funny pic".
Entry link: UTT

Head

LDAP

by Jon Witts - Thursday, 18 June 2009, 6:24 PM
 

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol -

is an application protocol for modifying directory services. It is commonly used for user and computer directories for domains.

Entry link: LDAP

slightly edited copy of http://xkcd.com/358/

HIG

by Alan Trick - Tuesday, 30 June 2009, 9:42 PM
 
Human Interface Guidelines

See the wikipedia article.
Entry link: HIG

Hi!

XML

by Waldeck Schutzer - Friday, 25 September 2009, 3:13 PM
 

XML (eXtensible Markup Language) comes virtually unchanged from the ISO 8879 standard SGML for the implementation of markup languages. It is a general purpose specification that aims at representing with simplicity documents with high quality and usability.

Examples of markup languages coming from xml are xhtml, mathml, musicml, graphml and svg. Applications like OpenOffice use the ooxml file format to represent word processing documents, spreadsheets, presentations and charts. This file format is essentially a zip file containing xml documents.

Although it is very similar to xhtml, the html specification is not a xml markup language.

References

  1. XML on Wikipedia
  2. The W3C recommendation on XML
Entry link: XML

Black Panther

Blog

by Lalit Bhatt - Friday, 25 September 2009, 3:14 PM
 
A type of website usually maintained by an individual (Blogger) with regular entries of commentary, description of events or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse chronological order.
In one line - It is a sort of online diary.
Entry link: Blog


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