Glossary of common terms


This glossary defines a number of words you will see used often in discussions about Moodle - you'll find them highlighted throughout this course.

If you wish to import this glossary to your Moodle site, you can download this file of exported entries: glossary_of_common_terms_20101214.xml.

Please feel free to add new words here!


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Picture of Guillermo Miranda Álamo

AFAIK

by Guillermo Miranda Álamo - Friday, April 29, 2005, 1:19 AM
 
As Far As I Know smile
Entry link: AFAIK

Picture of Darren Smith

TIA

by Darren Smith - Monday, May 2, 2005, 3:59 AM
 

This is an abbreviation for 'Thanks in advance'

Often used in usenet but has become increasingly popular in e-mails, text messages, instant messages, chat rooms and forum posts. In fact, you could come across this abbreviation in any modern electronic communication.

Entry link: TIA

Art Lader

spam

by Art Lader - Sunday, May 15, 2005, 12:32 PM
 
Electronic junk mail or junk newsgroup postings. Some people define spam even more generally as any unsolicited e-mail. However, if a long-lost brother finds your e-mail address and sends you a message, this could hardly be called spam, even though it's unsolicited. Real spam is generally e-mail advertising for some product sent to a mailing list or newsgroup.
In addition to wasting people's time with unwanted e-mail, spam also eats up a lot of network bandwidth. Consequently, there are many organizations, as well as individuals, who have taken it upon themselves to fight spam with a variety of techniques. But because the Internet is public, there is really little that can be done to prevent spam, just as it is impossible to prevent junk mail. However, some online services have instituted policies to prevent spammers from spamming their subscribers.

There is some debate about the source of the term, but the generally accepted version is that it comes from the Monty Python song, "Spam spam spam spam, spam spam spam spam, lovely spam, wonderful spam" Like the song, spam is an endless repetition of worthless text. Another school of thought maintains that it comes from the computer group lab at the University of Southern California who gave it the name because it has many of the same characteristics as the lunchmeat Spam:

Nobody wants it or ever asks for it.
No one ever eats it; it is the first item to be pushed to the side when eating the entree.
Sometimes it is actually tasty, like 1% of junk mail that is really useful to some people.

source
Entry link: spam

Martin Dougiamas

Breadcrumb

by Martin Dougiamas - Saturday, May 21, 2005, 10:35 PM
 
Breadcrumbs are what Hansel and Gretel used the famous fairy tale to remember the way back to where they came from.

Moodle DOES NOT use breadcrumbs, as this is what your browser is for and why it has a back button/menu.

Moodle has a navigation bar in the header (and optionally footer) that shows the location of the current page within the site structure.
Entry link: Breadcrumb

Martin Langhoff - Sailing

NZVLE Project

by Martín Langhoff - Friday, June 3, 2005, 1:29 PM
 

NZ Open Source VLE Project is a New Zealand-based project, hosted at Eduforge.org

It is helping Moodle adoption as part of a greater project of developing OSS e-learning application software for deployment throughout New Zealands education sector. System integration of portal website framework, lcms, content creation tools and modular toolkit.

Entry link: NZVLE Project

Picture of Helen Foster

PEAR

by Helen Foster - Thursday, June 30, 2005, 1:44 PM
 

An acronym for PHP Extension and Application Repository. PEAR is a framework and distribution system for reusable PHP components.

For more information see http://pear.php.net/.

Entry link: PEAR

Picture of Lukas Haemmerle

Shibboleth

by Lukas Haemmerle - Saturday, July 2, 2005, 1:29 AM
 
Shibboleth is not only a kind of linguistic password that identifies one as a member of an 'in' group, it's also the name of a middleware project of Internet2.

The Shibboleth project is developing architectures, policy structures, practical technologies and an open source implementation (also called Shibboleth) to support inter-institutional sharing of (web) resources subject to access controls.

Some key concepts of Shibboleth are:
  • Federated Administration
  • Access Control Based on Attributes
  • Active Management of Privacy
  • Standards Based
  • Framework for Multiple, Scaleable Trust and Policy Sets (Federations)
  • Standard Attribute Value Vocabulary
Using Moodle with Shibboleth authentication has the following advantages (depending on the Shibboleth federation you are part of):
  • Access to Moodle can be restricted very accurate (e.g. you allow only students from universities A, B and D to access your Moodle, but not students from universities C and E. Or you allow only medicine students.)
  • User accounts are created automatically as soon as a user logs in the first time.
  • The user profiles are set up automatically (e.g. the users firstname, surname and email address is inserted the first time a user logs in)
  • The user profiles can automatically kept up-to date all the time
  • So you don't have to care anymore for user management issues because this is basically handled by the Identity Provider of the Shibboleth user (e.g. the home university).
  • Once Shibboleth users are authenticated, they can access other Shibboleth-enabled resources without loggin in another time. Due to this single sign-on mechanism, they e.g. can jump from one Moodle installation to another or the can access a Shibboleth-protected library or a web shop, always being authenticated.
Plans for the future concerning Moodle:
  • Automatic course enrollment according to Shibboleth attributes.

Entry link: Shibboleth

Picture of Darren Smith

IE

by Darren Smith - Sunday, August 21, 2005, 11:31 PM
 

Abbreviation for Internet Explorer which is Microsoft's web browser.

Originally provided free to undermine Netscape's browser dominance in the 90's and currently provided bundled as standard with Microsoft's microcomputer operating systems.

Many people are switching from IE to Mozilla's Firefox to avoid the perceived risk of spy-ware and other security risks.

Entry link: IE

Picture of Jurgis Pralgauskis

CSCL

by Jurgis Pralgauskis - Tuesday, November 1, 2005, 8:33 AM
 
Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning.
It has much to do with internet and social constructivism ;)
Entry link: CSCL

Picture of Helen Foster

Ajax

by Helen Foster - Saturday, January 7, 2006, 6:27 AM
 
An abbreviation for "Asynchronous JavaScript and XML" - technologies for creating interactive web applications.
Entry link: Ajax


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