Glossary of common terms
This glossary defines a number of words you will see used often in discussions about Moodle - you'll find them highlighted throughout this course.
If you wish to import this glossary to your Moodle site, you can this file of exported entries: glossary_of_common_terms_20101214.xml.
Please feel free to add new words here!
Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a collection of standards and specifications for web-based e-learning. It defines communications between client side content and a host system called the run-time environment (commonly a function of a learning management system). SCORM also defines how content may be packaged into a transferrable ZIP file.
Social constructionism is a term that defines a particular view of education. It acknowledges constructivism as a description of what each learner experiences, while focussing on the power of constructing artifacts (like text) within a social environment.
From this point of view, education is best served by creating experiences that would be best for learning from the learner's point of view, rather than just publishing and assessing the information you think they need to know. Each participant in a course can be a teacher as well as a learner. A 'teacher' in this environment is an influencer and role model of class culture, connecting with others in a personal way that addresses their own learning needs, and moderating discussions and activities in a way that collectively leads students towards the learning goals of the class.
Moodle tries to promote this view, but is not constrained by it.
An anti-plagiarism module originally developed by Dan Marsden, but was redeveloped by Turnitin, who now maintain it, as a Third Party Plugin. John McGettrick is the Lead on behalf of Turnitin.
The zone of proximal development, often abbreviated ZPD, is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help. It is a concept introduced yet not fully developed by Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896 – 1934) during the last two years of his life. Also, many theorists are still applying to their work today.
Vygotsky stated that a child follows an adult's example and gradually develops the ability to do certain tasks without help. Vygotsky's often-quoted definition of zone of proximal development presents it as...
"...the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers. For example, two 8 yr. old children may be able to complete a task that an average 8 yr. old can do. Next, more difficult tasks are presented with very little assistance from an adult. In the end, both children were able to complete the task. However, the styles methods they chose depended on how far they were willing to stretch their thinking process."
Vygotsky and some educators believe education's role is to give children experiences that were within their zones of proximal development, thereby encouraging and advancing their individual learning.
"The zone of proximal development defines functions that have not matured yet, but are in a process of maturing, that will mature tomorrow, that are currently in an embryonic state; these functions could be called the buds of development, the flowers of development, rather than the fruits of development, that is, what is only just maturing."
Activities in Moodle are educational things to do. They include, for example: discussing a topic in a forum, writing a journal entry, submitting an assignment, or completing a quiz.
An acronym for Automated Manipulation of Strings, Moodle's translation tool located at lang.moodle.org.
A Bitnami Stack provides a single application LAMP, WAMP or MAMP for Moodle installations. This approach offers a good solution to Users who want a test site on a stand alone computer. The Bitnami Stack also provides a more stable environment for adding additional PHP applications than other, similar solutions.
In Moodle, the term "context" may have a specific meaning.
A Moodle context is a place where permissions are assigned to a user (usually through a role). In Moodle, contexts are layered in a hierachry. Some examples: a site is the overall context; each course category is a context in the site; each course is a context in it's course category; each topic/section is a context and the resources and activities in a topic/section are contexts. Blocks, filters and special pages are contexts that are at minimum part of the site context. Permissions are passed down automatically. For example, a user who has a teacher role in a course will be assigned that role when a Forum context is created. Roles for individuals or groups can be changed in a context. This makes it possible for one user to be a teacher in one context and a student in another.
Cron is an Automatic sytem in moodle that sends out messages to the system through.
For more information on Cron check the moodle docs page and your help section in moodle.