Glossary of common terms

This glossary defines a number of words you will see used often in discussions about Moodle - you'll find them highlighted throughout this course.

If you wish to import this glossary to your Moodle site, you can download this file of exported entries: glossary_of_common_terms_20101214.xml.

Please feel free to add new words here!

All categories

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Picture of Helen Foster


by Helen Foster - Saturday, January 7, 2006, 6:27 AM
An abbreviation for "Asynchronous JavaScript and XML" - technologies for creating interactive web applications.
Picture of Jamie Pratt


by Jamie Pratt - Saturday, October 6, 2007, 2:27 AM
AMFPHP is a 'remoting server'. It is a piece of software that you install on your server that allows Flash movies to seamlessly talk to PHP. More info here :
Picture of Joshua Todd Cowper


by Joshua Todd Cowper - Wednesday, June 8, 2016, 8:39 PM

AMPPS is a WAMP, MAMP and LAMP stack of Apache, MySQL, MongoDB, PHP, Perl, Python & Softaculous.

Martin Dougiamas


by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 22, 2003, 10:28 PM
Applets are small programs written in Java and embedded within web pages. Most recent browsers can run these small programs if you have Java installed on your computer.


by Gary Anderson - Friday, September 12, 2008, 6:38 PM
Benevolent Dictator For Life.

Often the founder and lead developer for open-source software projects. This individual often must make critical decisions in the design of an ongoing project in order to maintain consistency and resolve disputes.

Guido van Rossum, the project leader of Python, is an individual who is often given this label.

See also:
Black Panther


by Lalit Bhatt - Friday, September 25, 2009, 3:14 PM
A type of website usually maintained by an individual (Blogger) with regular entries of commentary, description of events or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse chronological order.
In one line - It is a sort of online diary.
Martin Dougiamas


by Martin Dougiamas - Saturday, May 21, 2005, 10:35 PM
Breadcrumbs are what Hansel and Gretel used the famous fairy tale to remember the way back to where they came from.

Moodle DOES NOT use breadcrumbs, as this is what your browser is for and why it has a back button/menu.

Moodle has a navigation bar in the header (and optionally footer) that shows the location of the current page within the site structure.
Picture of Ian Darwin


by Ian Darwin - Tuesday, April 26, 2005, 4:21 PM
C is a medium-level programming language invented by Dennis Ritchie around 1973 at Bell Laboratories. Created to be the implementation language for the UNIX operating system, C went on to become one of the most widely-used programming languages worldwide in the 1980's, having been gradually supplanted for applications development both by its offspring C++ and Java and by scripting languages such as Perl, Python and PHP, the latter being the language that Moodle itself is written in.
Health & Safety Training Ninja


by Steve Bilton - Tuesday, November 6, 2007, 12:13 AM
Common Gateway Interface (CGI) is a standard for interfacing external applications with information servers, over HTTP and Web servers. A plain HTML document that the Web daemon retrieves is static, which means it exists in a constant state and will never change, basically this is simply a text file. A CGI program, on the other hand, is executed on-the-fly i.e. in real-time, so that it can output dynamic information. CMS - content management systems such as Moodle and Joomla are good examples of CGI and work using a combination PHP & CGI.

Picture of Simon Pavitt


by Simon Pavitt - Tuesday, October 23, 2007, 6:51 AM
Many webhosting companies provide CPanel (short for Control Panel) as a convenient, graphical menu system which allow users to administer their own webspace.

For more information go to:

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