Glossary of common terms
This glossary defines a number of words you will see used often in discussions about Moodle - you'll find them highlighted throughout this course.
If you wish to import this glossary to your Moodle site, you can this file of exported entries: glossary_of_common_terms_20101214.xml.
Please feel free to add new words here!
Applets are small programs written in Java and embedded within web pages. Most recent browsers can run these small programs if you have Java installed on your computer.
Benevolent Dictator For Life.
Often the founder and lead developer for open-source software projects. This individual often must make critical decisions in the design of an ongoing project in order to maintain consistency and resolve disputes.
Guido van Rossum, the project leader of Python, is an individual who is often given this label.
Probably the largest commercial competitor to Moodle, Blackboard recently purchased WebCT (10/21/05). Unlike Moodle, Blackboard is basically a commercial, closed source VLE.
C is a medium-level programming language invented by Dennis Ritchie around 1973 at Bell Laboratories. Created to be the implementation language for the UNIX operating system, C went on to become one of the most widely-used programming languages worldwide in the 1980's, having been gradually supplanted for applications development both by its offspring C++ and Java and by scripting languages such as Perl, Python and PHP, the latter being the language that Moodle itself is written in.
Common Gateway Interface (CGI) is a standard for interfacing external applications with information servers, over HTTP and Web servers. A plain HTML document that the Web daemon retrieves is static, which means it exists in a constant state and will never change, basically this is simply a text file. A CGI program, on the other hand, is executed on-the-fly i.e. in real-time, so that it can output dynamic information. CMS - content management systems such as Moodle and Joomla are good examples of CGI and work using a combination PHP & CGI.