Glossary of common terms

This glossary defines a number of words you will see used often in discussions about Moodle - you'll find them highlighted throughout this course.

If you wish to import this glossary to your Moodle site, you can download this file of exported entries: glossary_of_common_terms_20101214.xml.

Please feel free to add new words here!



Browse the glossary using this index

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slightly edited copy of http://xkcd.com/358/

Alan Trick

slightly edited copy of http://xkcd.com/358/

HIG

by Alan Trick - Tuesday, June 30, 2009, 9:42 PM
 
Human Interface Guidelines

See the wikipedia article.
Picture of Andrew McMillan

Andrew McMillan

Picture of Andrew McMillan

PostgreSQL

by Andrew McMillan - Wednesday, November 24, 2004, 4:56 PM
 
PostgreSQL is a full-featured open-source database with many enterprise features, including:
  • Support for database transactions
  • Strong support for SQL-92 standard
  • Native external interfaces for ODBC, JDBC, C, C++, PHP, Perl, TCL, Python and Ruby
  • Referential integrity
  • Internal functions can be written in C, C++, Java, Perl, TCL, Python, Ruby, PHP and PL/PgSQL
  • Insert/Update/Delete Triggers
  • Inheritance
  • Unicode
  • Extensible data types
  • Indexes on functions
PostgreSQL scales well into large multi-user environments, where the application has significantly intermixed reading and writing activity.

See http://www.postgresql.org/ for more information.
Art Lader

Art Lader

Art Lader

flame

by Art Lader - Friday, August 31, 2007, 12:34 AM
 

(n.) A searing e-mail or newsgroup message in which the writer attacks another participant in overly harsh, and often personal, terms. Flames are an unfortunate, but inevitable, element of unmoderated conferences.

(v.) To post a flame.

source

Art Lader

spam

by Art Lader - Sunday, May 15, 2005, 12:32 PM
 
Electronic junk mail or junk newsgroup postings. Some people define spam even more generally as any unsolicited e-mail. However, if a long-lost brother finds your e-mail address and sends you a message, this could hardly be called spam, even though it's unsolicited. Real spam is generally e-mail advertising for some product sent to a mailing list or newsgroup.
In addition to wasting people's time with unwanted e-mail, spam also eats up a lot of network bandwidth. Consequently, there are many organizations, as well as individuals, who have taken it upon themselves to fight spam with a variety of techniques. But because the Internet is public, there is really little that can be done to prevent spam, just as it is impossible to prevent junk mail. However, some online services have instituted policies to prevent spammers from spamming their subscribers.

There is some debate about the source of the term, but the generally accepted version is that it comes from the Monty Python song, "Spam spam spam spam, spam spam spam spam, lovely spam, wonderful spam" Like the song, spam is an endless repetition of worthless text. Another school of thought maintains that it comes from the computer group lab at the University of Southern California who gave it the name because it has many of the same characteristics as the lunchmeat Spam:

Nobody wants it or ever asks for it.
No one ever eats it; it is the first item to be pushed to the side when eating the entree.
Sometimes it is actually tasty, like 1% of junk mail that is really useful to some people.

source
Ben talking on the phone beside a monitor

ben reynolds

Ben talking on the phone beside a monitor

Flat File

by ben reynolds - Tuesday, March 9, 2010, 8:17 PM
 

Location: Flat file edit settings link in Administration > Courses > Enrolments


A flat file allows enrolment management (enrol or unenrol) of existing users in existing course. The file is read one time by Moodle then erased. The file is located in the moodle file structure as a text file and Cron provides the timing when it is read.

http://docs.moodle.org/en/Flat_file

Ben talking on the phone beside a monitor

Front Page

by ben reynolds - Monday, December 8, 2008, 10:49 AM
 

The front page is the initial page seen by someone reaching a Moodle site. It is not the home page for a course or classroom, but rather for the whole site.

The site settings determine which user roles can reach it. For example, the demo.moodle.org allows visitors (guests) to see it's front page and asks them to log in. A user clicking on the course is taken to the "Returning to this website" Moodle login in screen. Other sites may require a login before showing the front page.

Many functions of a front page are similar to those found in a course. The administration block will allow topics to be added to a Front Page.

http://docs.moodle.org/en/Front_Page

Ben talking on the phone beside a monitor

nickname

by ben reynolds - Friday, May 17, 2013, 3:43 PM
 

A nickname is a descriptive name given in place of or in addition to the official name of a person, place or thing.

Nickname often denotes the diminutive form of a person's legal first name, or it denotes an alternative for a person's legal first name.

Diminutive: "Ben" for "Benjamin."
Alternative: "ian" for "Choon."

See also, Customised usernames, user profile field, friendly name.

Picture of Bente Olsen

Bente Olsen

Picture of Bente Olsen

AMOS

by Bente Olsen - Wednesday, November 23, 2011, 6:34 PM
 

An acronym for Automated Manipulation of Strings, Moodle's translation tool located at lang.moodle.org.

Picture of Carlos Mação

Carlos Mação

Picture of Carlos Mação

Firebird

by Carlos Mação - Saturday, July 5, 2008, 4:59 AM
 

Firebird is a fully featured and powerful RDBMS and is derived from Borland InterBase 6.0 source code, which has more than 20 years of handling databases from just a few KB to many Gigabytes with good performance and almost free of maintenance!

It is open source and has no dual license. Below is a list of some of the Firebird’s major features:

  • Firebird has full SQL 92 Entry Level 1 Support and implements most of the SQL-99 standard, plus some very useful additions.
  • Full support of Stored Procedures and Triggers
  • Full ACID compliant transactions
  • Referential Integrity
  • Multi Generational Architecture
  • Very small footprint
  • Fully featured internal language for Stored Procedures and Triggers (PSQL)
  • Support for External Functions (UDFs)
  • Little or no need for specialized DBAs
  • Almost no configuration needed - just install and start using!
  • Big community and lots of places where you can get free and good support
  • Optional single file embedded version - great to create CDROM catalogs, single user or evaluation versions of applications
  • Dozens of third party tools, including GUI administrative tools, replication tools, etc.
  • Careful writes - fast recovery, no need for transaction logs!
  • Many ways to access your database: native/API, dbExpress drivers, ODBC, OLEDB, .Net provider, JDBC native type 4 driver, Python module, PHP, Perl, etc.
  • Native support for all major operating systems, including Windows, Linux, Solaris, MacOS.

Firebird is financially supported by Firebird Foundation which get his founds from company donations and paid membership subscriptions.

See http://www.firebirdsql.org/ for more information.

Chamara Disanayake

Chamara Disanayake

Chamara Disanayake

autonomous system (AS)

by Chamara Disanayake - Tuesday, July 3, 2007, 3:30 PM
 
An Autonomous system (AS) is a collection of IP networks and routers under the control of one entity (or sometimes more) that presents a common routing policy to the Internet

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