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(1850-1864) A revolt by the people of China against the ruling Manchu Dynasty because of their failure to deal effectively with the opium problem and the interference of foreigners.
The collection of Jewish writings that is the basis of Jewish religious law.
Taoism / Daoism
The Chinese philosophy of Taoism (or Daoism) developed in the latter part of the Chou Dynasty, during a period of turmoil in which it was not clear that Chinese civilization would survive. It represents a naturalistic ideal of how one should live their life. The Chinese term Tao can be translated into English, meaning "the way." It is a philosophy which teaches that nature has a "way" in which it moves, and that people should passively accept the "way" of nature, rather than resist it. One concept related to this is that of wu-wei, which means "not doing." This means that people should not act unnaturally by doing things, but rather should openly accept the natural way. An emphasis is placed on the link between people and nature. Taoism teaches that this link lessened the need for rules and order, and leads one to a better understanding of the world.
A tax on imports.
A Japanese ritual in which tea is prepared, served, and drunk in a certain way.
tools and skills people use (i.e. computers and machines assist in research and production)
A device used to see distant objects, such as those in space.
The use of violence for political purpose.
Theory of Relativity
Theory of motion and energy developed by Albert Einstein in the 20th century.
Three Gorges Dam
Tiananmen Square Massacre
(1603-1867) Feudal Warlord rulers of Japan. Responisble for closing Japan off from the rest of the world. Overthrown during the Meiji Restoration.
The red gateway entrance to a Shinto shrine.
A state or country completely controlled by a single power, such as a monarch or dictator.