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(1469-1527) Italian historian, statesman, and political philosopher of the Renaissance. His greatest work is The Prince, a book of political advice to rulers in which he describes the methods that a prince should use to acquire and maintain political power. This book was used to defend policies of despotism and tyranny. Machiavelli wrote that a ruler should take any action to remain in power, or that
(1480?-1521) Spanish explorer who was the first to circumnavigate the globe.
A document granting rights to both the Church in England and the Nobility signed by King John in 1215. This is considered to be the beginnings of British democracy.
Mandate of Heaven
Divine right of rule in China.
(1918 - )A black South African leader who protested the policy of Apartheid and spent over thirty years in prison before becoming the first black president of South Africa.
Economic portion of feudalism where all aspects of life were centered on the lord
(1254-1324) Italian explorer and author. He made numerous trips to China and returned to Europe to write of his journeys. He is responsible for much of the knowledge exchanged between Europe and China during this time period.
An enlightened Despot who ruled the Austrian Empire.
An economy that operates by voluntary exchange in a free market and is not planned or controlled by a central authority; a capitalistic economy.
Economic aid from the United States used to rebuild Europe after World War II. Named after United States Secretary of State George Marshall.
The manufacturing of products on a large scale, usually through the use of machines.
The killing of large numbers of people
Relating to, based on, or tracing ancestral descent through the maternal line
Revolutionary group in Kenya who used violent means to force out European settlers.