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(1869-1948) Nationalist leader in India, who called for a non violent revolution to gain his country
(1807-1882?) Military leader whose Red Shirt army liberated most of southern Italy, before conquering the northern section. He was instrumental in the unification of Italy.
(563?-483?BCE), Indian philosopher and the founder of Buddhism. Siddhartha was born into the Brahmin caste, and by all account led a luxurious lifestyle. However, he was troubled by the human misery that he saw around him everyday. Upon reflection, he deduced that desire was the root caused of all suffering. Also known as the Buddha.
Name Enlightenment thinker Jean Jacques Rousseau uses to describe majority rule.
The process of altering life forms by manipulating their genetic structure.
(1167?-1227) One of the Mongol
The killing of all the people from a ethnic group, religious group, or people from a specific nation.
Members of the upper class in some social class systems.
Theory of the universe that states the earth is the center, and that the sun revolves around it.
Term given to poor areas of town where Jews were sent during World War II.
A policy of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev which called for more openness with the nations of West, and a relaxing of restraints on Soviet citizenry.
Economic and political designation given to industrialized countries such those in North America and Western Europe, and also including Japan, and Australia. These nations have high standards of living and a high literacy rate.
Economic and Political designation given to developing nations in Asia, Africa, and South America, many of which were former colonies during European Imperialism. These post colonial nations face low literacy rates, massive unemployment, little to no industrialization, and are generally economically dependent on their former colonial masters.
Name given to the parts of the west coast of Africa by European imperialist due to the amount of gold found in the region.
The first age of the world, an untroubled and prosperous era during which people lived in ideal happiness.