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A person holding ownership of part of a company or business venture.
A Buddhist shrine or temple in India. This form of architecture made its way to China where it was altered slightly and renamed the pagoda.
Large area that is a separate part of a continent. The area encompassing India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh are considered to be a subcontinent of Asia.
To serve under another person. Unequal.
Suez War of 1956
War between Israel and Egypt which resulted in Egypt losing control of the Sinai Peninsula.
The right to vote in elections.
(1494-1566) Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and considered to be their greatest ruler. Under his leadership, the Ottoman Empire reached its greatest height.
Term given to the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
The medical treatment of a body which involves cutting open to perform various manipulations.
(1850-1864) A revolt by the people of China against the ruling Manchu Dynasty because of their failure to deal effectively with the opium problem and the interference of foreigners.
The collection of Jewish writings that is the basis of Jewish religious law.
Taoism / Daoism
The Chinese philosophy of Taoism (or Daoism) developed in the latter part of the Chou Dynasty, during a period of turmoil in which it was not clear that Chinese civilization would survive. It represents a naturalistic ideal of how one should live their life. The Chinese term Tao can be translated into English, meaning "the way." It is a philosophy which teaches that nature has a "way" in which it moves, and that people should passively accept the "way" of nature, rather than resist it. One concept related to this is that of wu-wei, which means "not doing." This means that people should not act unnaturally by doing things, but rather should openly accept the natural way. An emphasis is placed on the link between people and nature. Taoism teaches that this link lessened the need for rules and order, and leads one to a better understanding of the world.
A tax on imports.
A Japanese ritual in which tea is prepared, served, and drunk in a certain way.
tools and skills people use (i.e. computers and machines assist in research and production)
A device used to see distant objects, such as those in space.