Glossary of common terms


This glossary defines a number of words you will see used often in discussions about Moodle - you'll find them highlighted throughout this course.

If you wish to import this glossary to your Moodle site, you can download this file of exported entries: glossary_of_common_terms_20101214.xml.

Please feel free to add new words here!

Browse the glossary using this index

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

Page:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  ...  15  (Next)
  ALL

A

Picture of leena gour

Accessibility

by leena gour - Monday, May 30, 2011, 3:04 PM
 
Accessible to all.

An application is said to be accessible if all type of users including disabled are able to use it.

Martin Dougiamas

activities

by Martin Dougiamas - Tuesday, November 11, 2003, 2:38 PM
 
Activities in Moodle are educational things to do. They include, for example: discussing a topic in a forum, writing a journal entry, submitting an assignment, or completing a quiz.

Picture of Guillermo Miranda Álamo

AFAIK

by Guillermo Miranda Álamo - Friday, April 29, 2005, 1:19 AM
 
As Far As I Know smile

Picture of Helen Foster

Ajax

by Helen Foster - Saturday, January 7, 2006, 6:27 AM
 
An abbreviation for "Asynchronous JavaScript and XML" - technologies for creating interactive web applications.

Picture of Jamie Pratt

AMFPHP

by Jamie Pratt - Saturday, October 6, 2007, 2:27 AM
 
AMFPHP is a 'remoting server'. It is a piece of software that you install on your server that allows Flash movies to seamlessly talk to PHP. More info here :

Picture of Bente Olsen

AMOS

by Bente Olsen - Wednesday, November 23, 2011, 6:34 PM
 

An acronym for Automated Manipulation of Strings, Moodle's translation tool located at lang.moodle.org.


Picture of Joshua Todd Cowper

AMPPS

by Joshua Todd Cowper - Wednesday, June 8, 2016, 8:39 PM
 

AMPPS is a WAMP, MAMP and LAMP stack of Apache, MySQL, MongoDB, PHP, Perl, Python & Softaculous. http://www.ampps.com/


moi!!! it is what is is...

Apache

by Colin Fraser - Thursday, October 21, 2010, 9:30 PM
 

Short name for Apache HTTP Server Project. This is the web server environment that Moodle was developed in, a freely downloadable Open Source product from Apache Software Foundation.

Gossip: The original name for Apache Server was "A patchy server", but cooler heads prevailed and named it Apache - didn't matter, it worked so well it celebrated its 15th birthday February 2010 and has been the Web's most popular server environment since April of 1996.


Martin Dougiamas

applet

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 22, 2003, 10:28 PM
 
Applets are small programs written in Java and embedded within web pages. Most recent browsers can run these small programs if you have Java installed on your computer.

Head

AUP

by Jon Witts - Tuesday, August 31, 2010, 12:07 AM
 
Acceptable Use Policy

This is an acronym that used most commonly in UK schools. It is a policy document that sets out the school's or institution's terms for acceptable use of IT facilities and the Internet.

Chamara Disanayake

autonomous system (AS)

by Chamara Disanayake - Tuesday, July 3, 2007, 3:30 PM
 
An Autonomous system (AS) is a collection of IP networks and routers under the control of one entity (or sometimes more) that presents a common routing policy to the Internet

B

Volcano

BDFL

by Gary Anderson - Friday, September 12, 2008, 6:38 PM
 
Benevolent Dictator For Life.

Often the founder and lead developer for open-source software projects. This individual often must make critical decisions in the design of an ongoing project in order to maintain consistency and resolve disputes.

Guido van Rossum, the project leader of Python, is an individual who is often given this label.

See also:

http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Benevolent_Dictator_for_Life

moi!!! it is what is is...

Bitnami Stack

by Colin Fraser - Thursday, December 17, 2015, 7:40 AM
 

A Bitnami Stack provides a single application LAMP, WAMP or MAMP for Moodle installations. This approach offers a good solution to Users who want a test site on a stand alone computer. The Bitnami Stack also provides a more stable environment for adding additional PHP applications than other, similar solutions.  


Picture of Don Hinkelman

Blended learning

by Don Hinkelman - Tuesday, October 2, 2007, 8:28 AM
 
Blended learning is a learning scenario where online and face-to-face activities are combined. Individual learning tasks may also combine in-class activities with online activities in rapid succession. Flexible classrooms with movable desks/chairs and wireless notebooks connected to the internet are ideal for blended learning. One variant of blended learning is when a teacher uses a full-time classroom setting and assigns online homework out-of-class. In a corporate context, blended learning involves a combination of instructor-led instruction, on-job training, self-study materials, and mentoring/coaching systems.

Black Panther

Blog

by Lalit Bhatt - Friday, September 25, 2009, 3:14 PM
 
A type of website usually maintained by an individual (Blogger) with regular entries of commentary, description of events or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse chronological order.
In one line - It is a sort of online diary.

Martin Dougiamas

Breadcrumb

by Martin Dougiamas - Saturday, May 21, 2005, 10:35 PM
 
Breadcrumbs are what Hansel and Gretel used the famous fairy tale to remember the way back to where they came from.

Moodle DOES NOT use breadcrumbs, as this is what your browser is for and why it has a back button/menu.

Moodle has a navigation bar in the header (and optionally footer) that shows the location of the current page within the site structure.

Picture of Sakshi Goel

BTW

by Sakshi Goel - Wednesday, August 27, 2014, 10:21 PM
 

Abbreviation for "By The Way".


C

Picture of Ian Darwin

C

by Ian Darwin - Tuesday, April 26, 2005, 4:21 PM
 
C is a medium-level programming language invented by Dennis Ritchie around 1973 at Bell Laboratories. Created to be the implementation language for the UNIX operating system, C went on to become one of the most widely-used programming languages worldwide in the 1980's, having been gradually supplanted for applications development both by its offspring C++ and Java and by scripting languages such as Perl, Python and PHP, the latter being the language that Moodle itself is written in.

Picture of Ken Wilson

Cache

by Ken Wilson - Tuesday, April 10, 2007, 1:06 AM
 
A small amount of memory between a slow process and a faster process which acts as a way of improving system performance. PHP caches are used to improve PHP performance.

Health & Safety Training Ninja

CGI

by Steve Bilton - Tuesday, November 6, 2007, 12:13 AM
 
Common Gateway Interface (CGI) is a standard for interfacing external applications with information servers, over HTTP and Web servers. A plain HTML document that the Web daemon retrieves is static, which means it exists in a constant state and will never change, basically this is simply a text file. A CGI program, on the other hand, is executed on-the-fly i.e. in real-time, so that it can output dynamic information. CMS - content management systems such as Moodle and Joomla are good examples of CGI and work using a combination PHP & CGI.



Matt Bury

constructionism

by Matt Bury - Friday, May 17, 2013, 3:42 PM
 

Constructionist learning is inspired by the constructivist theory that individual learners construct mental models to understand the world around them. However, constructionism holds that learning can happen most effectively when people are also active in making tangible objects in the real world. In this sense, constructionism is connected with experiential learning, and builds on Jean Piaget's epistemological theory of constructivism.

Seymour Papert defined constructionism in a proposal to the National Science Foundation entitled Constructionism: A New Opportunity for Elementary Science Education as follows: "The word constructionism is a mnemonic for two aspects of the theory of science education underlying this project. From constructivist theories of psychology we take a view of learning as a reconstruction rather than as a transmission of knowledge. Then we extend the idea of manipulative materials to the idea that learning is most effective when part of an activity the learner experiences as constructing a meaningful product."

Source: Wikipedia.org


Martin Dougiamas

constructivism

by Martin Dougiamas - Sunday, October 19, 2003, 12:55 PM
 
This point of view maintains that people actively construct new knowledge as they interact with their environment.

Everything you read, see, hear, feel, and touch is tested against your prior knowledge and if it is viable within your mental world, may form new knowledge you carry with you. Knowledge is strengthened if you can use it successfully in your wider environment. You are not just a memory bank passively absorbing information, nor can knowledge be "transmitted" to you just by reading something or listening to someone.

This is not to say you can't learn anything from reading a web page or watching a lecture, obviously you can, it's just pointing out that there is more interpretation going on than a transfer of information from one brain to another.

Think I am older now :)

context

by Chris Collman - Monday, July 8, 2019, 7:56 PM
 

In Moodle, the term "context" may have a specific meaning.

A Moodle context is a place where permissions are assigned to a user (usually through a role).  In Moodle, contexts are layered in a hierachry.  Some examples: a site is the overall context; each course category is a context in the site; each course is a context in it's course category; each topic/section is a context and the resources and activities in a topic/section are contexts.   Blocks, filters and special pages are contexts that are at minimum part of the  site context.    Permissions are passed down automatically. For example, a user who has a teacher role in a course will be assigned that role when a Forum context is created.   Roles for individuals or groups can be changed in a context. This makes it possible for one user to be a teacher in one context and  a student in another. 


Picture of Simon Pavitt

CPanel

by Simon Pavitt - Tuesday, October 23, 2007, 6:51 AM
 
Many webhosting companies provide CPanel (short for Control Panel) as a convenient, graphical menu system which allow users to administer their own webspace.

For more information go to:
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cpanel]


Picture of Jason Grey

Cron

by Jason Grey - Tuesday, September 19, 2006, 12:44 PM
 

Cron is an Automatic sytem in moodle that sends out messages to the system through.

  • EMail
  • Rss
  • Assignement Uploads  (This is normally for the teachers - for notifications that a student has uploaded an assignment).

For more information on Cron check the moodle docs page and your help section in moodle.

Happy Moodleing.


Picture of Jurgis Pralgauskis

CSCL

by Jurgis Pralgauskis - Tuesday, November 1, 2005, 8:33 AM
 
Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning.
It has much to do with internet and social constructivism ;)

Martin Dougiamas

CSS

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:14 PM
 
Abbreviation for "Cascading Style Sheets". CSS defines styles and colours and how they should be applied to a web page.

Martin Dougiamas

CVS

by Martin Dougiamas - Tuesday, February 5, 2013, 6:42 PM
 
The Concurrent Versioning System (CVS) is a method of storing files on a server that helps coordinate many people working on those files. Moodle's code repository was managed using CVS from the beginning of the project up until 2010 before switching to Git.

D

Gmads

DAISY

by Guillermo Madero - Wednesday, August 27, 2014, 10:21 PM
 

Digital Accessible Information SYstem. DAISY refers to a digital book designed for people with vision impairment difficulties. Just like a SCORM or an EPUB file, a DAISY book consists of different (text, image, audio) digital files.


Picture of Michael Milette

Dashboard

by Michael Milette - Wednesday, February 7, 2018, 3:24 PM
 

Dashboard is a customisable page in Moodle that provides users with links to their courses and activities within them, such as unread forum posts and upcoming assignments.

See the documentation Dashboard for more details.


Picture of sushumna rao

Data center

by sushumna rao - Wednesday, February 7, 2018, 3:23 PM
 

Data centers are repositories (virtual or physical) to house computers and their components (servers, networking systems etc).


Martin Dougiamas

database

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:16 PM
 
An electronic collection of information, stored in tables of data. For example, Moodle contains a table of all users in a site. There are many brands of database software, but most people use MySQL.

Martin Dougiamas

dataroot

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:17 PM
 
The place where Moodle can save uploaded files. This directory should be readable and writeable by the web server user but it should not be accessible directly via the web.

Jason Jolaoso

Depreciated

by Jason Jolaoso - Tuesday, March 9, 2010, 8:17 PM
 
A programming language class, method, syntax or API that is no longer important or useful. In due course , it will become extinct.

Picture of Jenny Watt

DHTML

by Jenny Watt - Sunday, November 9, 2003, 3:45 AM
 

Dynamic HTML (DHTML) describes using HTML, CSS and JavaScript to create dynamic content on pages. A menu or other objects on a web page that respond to the user without requiring an additional trip to the server or a plug-in application are examples of DHTML in use.


Martin Dougiamas

dirroot

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:20 PM
 
The dirroot is the name for the directory in which you have installed Moodle. It's a setting in config.php that must be entered correctly.

Martin Dougiamas

domain

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:18 PM
 
A name given to a computer or a group of computers. eg moodle.org. You can buy new domain names from a domain name registrar, of which there are many.

Martin Dougiamas

download

by Martin Dougiamas - Friday, February 6, 2004, 9:53 PM
 

To move your files from a server "down" to your personal computer. Also see FTP and upload.

You can download Moodle via the Moodle download page.

Picture of Mark Stevens

DRM

by Mark Stevens - Tuesday, April 24, 2007, 9:29 AM
 
Digital rights management (DRM) is the umbrella term referring to any of several technical methods used to handle the description, layering, analysis, valuation, trading and monitoring of the rights held over a digital work. In the widest possible sense, the term refers to any such management.

E

Picture of Mira Vogel

eWiki

by Mira Vogel - Wednesday, March 30, 2005, 5:49 PM
 
Abbreviation of EfurtWiki.

Moodle's wiki is based on ErfurtWiki, which is an implementation of the WikiWikiWeb hypertext system. It allows simple collaborative editing and creation of web pages.

For more about eWiki, see http://erfurtwiki.sourceforge.net/.

F

Picture of Don Hinkelman

Fantastico

by Don Hinkelman - Wednesday, October 12, 2016, 2:36 PM
 
Fantastico is an automatic installer for open source scripts such as Moodle.

Picture of Carlos Mação

Firebird

by Carlos Mação - Saturday, July 5, 2008, 4:59 AM
 

Firebird is a fully featured and powerful RDBMS and is derived from Borland InterBase 6.0 source code, which has more than 20 years of handling databases from just a few KB to many Gigabytes with good performance and almost free of maintenance!

It is open source and has no dual license. Below is a list of some of the Firebird’s major features:

  • Firebird has full SQL 92 Entry Level 1 Support and implements most of the SQL-99 standard, plus some very useful additions.
  • Full support of Stored Procedures and Triggers
  • Full ACID compliant transactions
  • Referential Integrity
  • Multi Generational Architecture
  • Very small footprint
  • Fully featured internal language for Stored Procedures and Triggers (PSQL)
  • Support for External Functions (UDFs)
  • Little or no need for specialized DBAs
  • Almost no configuration needed - just install and start using!
  • Big community and lots of places where you can get free and good support
  • Optional single file embedded version - great to create CDROM catalogs, single user or evaluation versions of applications
  • Dozens of third party tools, including GUI administrative tools, replication tools, etc.
  • Careful writes - fast recovery, no need for transaction logs!
  • Many ways to access your database: native/API, dbExpress drivers, ODBC, OLEDB, .Net provider, JDBC native type 4 driver, Python module, PHP, Perl, etc.
  • Native support for all major operating systems, including Windows, Linux, Solaris, MacOS.

Firebird is financially supported by Firebird Foundation which get his founds from company donations and paid membership subscriptions.

See http://www.firebirdsql.org/ for more information.


Picture of Zoe Bogner

Firebug

by Zoe Bogner - Monday, November 17, 2008, 4:37 AM
 
Firebug is a plug-in for the Firefox web browser, allowing users to inspect and edit HTML and CSS, monitor network activity, debug JavaScript and much more.

It is one of many Firefox plug-ins often recommended by the community to people creating and modifying Moodle Themes.

Firebug van be downloaded from www.getfirebug.com

Picture of Rob Hillis

Firefox

by Rob Hillis - Monday, March 25, 2019, 3:34 PM
 

Mozilla Firefox is a free and open-source web browser developed by The Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation. Firefox is available for Windows, macOS, Linux, BSD, illumos and Solaris operating systems.

(Entry edited by Helen Foster to update the information. Original entry 10 February 2004.)


Art Lader

flame

by Art Lader - Friday, August 31, 2007, 12:34 AM
 

(n.) A searing e-mail or newsgroup message in which the writer attacks another participant in overly harsh, and often personal, terms. Flames are an unfortunate, but inevitable, element of unmoderated conferences.

(v.) To post a flame.

source


Ben talking on the phone beside a monitor

Flat File

by ben reynolds - Tuesday, March 9, 2010, 8:17 PM
 

Location: Flat file edit settings link in Administration > Courses > Enrolments


A flat file allows enrolment management (enrol or unenrol) of existing users in existing course. The file is read one time by Moodle then erased. The file is located in the moodle file structure as a text file and Cron provides the timing when it is read.

http://docs.moodle.org/en/Flat_file


Dan at desk in Moodle HQ, Perth

Frankenstyle

by Dan Poltawski - Thursday, March 7, 2013, 12:40 PM
 
Frankenstyle is a moodle developer term which refers to the naming convention that is used to uniquely identify a Moodle plugin based on the type of plugin and its name.

You can find more information about it on the dev docs wiki.

Ben talking on the phone beside a monitor

Front page

by ben reynolds - Monday, November 27, 2017, 8:59 PM
 

The front page is the initial page seen by someone reaching a Moodle site. It is the site home page.

See the documentation Front page for more details.


Martin Dougiamas

FTP

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:21 PM
 
File Transfer Protocol - a method of copying files from one computer to another. For example, you might FTP your Moodle files from your home computer to your web server.

Picture of Mark Johnson

FUD

by Mark Johnson - Sunday, May 5, 2013, 6:34 AM
 

Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt.

Negative statements made with no real supporting evidence designed to discourage people from taking a particular course of action.  This could be done with malicious intent (e.g. to put potential customers off a competing product), or innocently by passing on received wisdom that is incorrect.


Picture of Daniele Cordella

FYI

by Daniele Cordella - Monday, September 24, 2007, 4:11 PM
 
For your information

G

Picture of Helen Foster

GDPR

by Helen Foster - Wednesday, February 7, 2018, 3:31 PM
 

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a regulation by which the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission intend to strengthen and unify data protection for all individuals within the European Union (EU). It also addresses the export of personal data outside the EU.


Picture of Helen Foster

Git

by Helen Foster - Tuesday, February 5, 2013, 6:50 PM
 

Git is a revision control and source code management system used to manage Moodle's code repository.

You can also download Moodle using Git.


moi!!! it is what is is...

GLWTOB!

by Colin Fraser - Monday, December 21, 2015, 6:27 PM
 

Good Luck With That One Buddy! - Usually a reference to a reasonable position, view, or situation that is seen as being untenable or unachievable because of the lack of co-operation of others, usually for their own, often non-logical or unreasonable, perceptions. 


Picture of Marty Jacobs

Grouping

by Marty Jacobs - Friday, September 25, 2009, 3:16 PM
 
A collection of groups, i.e. a group of groups!

See the groupings documentation.

H

slightly edited copy of http://xkcd.com/358/

HIG

by Alan Trick - Tuesday, June 30, 2009, 9:42 PM
 
Human Interface Guidelines

See the wikipedia article.

Picture of Desi Paneva

host

by Desi Paneva - Tuesday, February 1, 2005, 9:10 PM
 

Any computer on a network that offers services or connectivity to other computers on the network. A host has an IP address associated with it.


Martin Dougiamas

hosting provider

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:22 PM
 
A business that will host your web site for a monthly fee. You provide a domain name that you own, and after they've set it up for you, you can copy your files to their server and set up your site.

Picture of Chris Lamb

HTH

by Chris Lamb - Tuesday, June 26, 2007, 6:55 PM
 

Abbreviation for Hope That Helps (or Hope This Helps).

Originally from Usenet, but now appearing in emails and forums, it's sometimes put at the end of a reply which suggests a possible solution to a problem.


Martin Dougiamas

HTML

by Martin Dougiamas - Friday, October 17, 2003, 10:20 AM
 
HyperText Markup Language - a language used to create web pages.

I

moi!!! it is what is is...

IANAD

by Colin Fraser - Thursday, December 17, 2015, 7:40 AM
 

I Am Not A Developer - a response when answering technical question if suggesting an action that may need more input from a Moodle Developer. 


Picture of Darren Smith

IE

by Darren Smith - Sunday, August 21, 2005, 11:31 PM
 

Abbreviation for Internet Explorer which is Microsoft's web browser.

Originally provided free to undermine Netscape's browser dominance in the 90's and currently provided bundled as standard with Microsoft's microcomputer operating systems.

Many people are switching from IE to Mozilla's Firefox to avoid the perceived risk of spy-ware and other security risks.


Picture of Matt Molloy

IIS

by Matt Molloy - Wednesday, April 9, 2008, 3:40 PM
 

Internet Information Services - Microsoft's answer to Apache. This is software, that, when installed on a machine, provides a web service. Just like Apache, IIS listens to port 80 and answers any http requests from client machines.


Picture of Paul Verrall

IMHO

by Paul Verrall - Thursday, December 17, 2015, 7:41 AM
 

In My (Humble|Honest) Opinion


moi!!! it is what is is...

IMNSHO

by Colin Fraser - Thursday, March 22, 2018, 7:45 PM
 

In My Not So Humble Opinion - usually reserved for something we are an expert at or an issue we feel strongly supportive, or otherwise, of. 


Tabitha - Cave, Stewart Island, NZ

IMO

by Tabitha Roder - Friday, September 12, 2008, 6:37 PM
 
In My Opinion... sometimes... IMHO - In My Humble Opinion

Ray Lawrence

INAL

by Ray Lawrence - Thursday, August 3, 2006, 1:59 AM
 
An abbreviation of "I'm not a lawyer".

Martin Dougiamas

Interface

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, January 13, 2016, 12:54 AM
 
In general an interface is the boundary across which two systems communicate. There are many software interfaces within Moodle, for example, such as the interface a module uses to communicate with the core product, or the interface used to send mail.

Usually, though, this term refers to the interface between software and human beings: the user interface. In Moodle, for example, this is what we see and click on in the web browser and in our mail programs, and it provides ways for us to access, understand and change the database at the heart of any Moodle site.

The design of such an interface requires collaboration between software developers and users to make it "user-friendly" (and maximise overall usability).

A very important requirement for interfaces is standardisation, which reduces the amount of learning that users need to do to explore the features in the software. Moodle has had informal standards in the past, but we are currently writing a more formal specification to help Moodle's many developers produce a more consistent interface, and remove some of the irregular, inefficient or hard-to-learn interfaces that have crept into various corners of Moodle.

With Moodle, interface issues should be discussed in the forums most appropriate to them - if you wish to raise discussion about an interface in the Chat module, use the Chat forum. If you have a specific bug or request to report, please use the bug tracker.

J

Martin Dougiamas

Java

by Martin Dougiamas - Friday, March 4, 2005, 9:01 AM
 
Java:  a programming language that can be used to write all kinds of programs, from Applets which run in the browser to Midlets that run in Palm handhelds or cell phones to desktop client programs and especially server-side programs including web server "servlets".  Moodle does not use any Java.

Martin Dougiamas

Javascript

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:23 PM
 
A scripting language that can be used to write small programs in web pages, such as popup menus. Moodle uses a little Javascript.

Gmads

JFTR

by Guillermo Madero - Friday, August 8, 2014, 10:03 PM
 

Just For The Record


L

Picture of W Page

LambdaMOO

by W Page - Thursday, October 28, 2010, 7:18 PM
 

MOO - LambdaMOO Server
"
LambdaMOO is a network-accessible, multi-user, programmable, interactive system well-suited to the construction of text-based adventure games, conferencing systems, and other collaborative software.
"
http://sourceforge.net/projects/lambdamoo/


Gentleman

LAMP

by Mokhtar Beldjehem - Friday, September 25, 2009, 3:16 PM
 
LAMP, a free open source software solution stack, Linux (as OS), Appache(as a web server), MySQL (as a DBMS server), either PHP, Perl or Python (as a Scripting Language).

Head

LDAP

by Jon Witts - Thursday, June 18, 2009, 6:24 PM
 

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol -

is an application protocol for modifying directory services. It is commonly used for user and computer directories for domains.


Picture of Jurgis Pralgauskis

Lesson

by Jurgis Pralgauskis - Friday, November 26, 2004, 9:47 PM
 
The Lesson module in Moodle allows a series of pages to be entered. Each page can have a question at the end, and depending on the answers a student gives can lead them to any other page. (discussion)

Picture of Helen Foster

LTI

by Helen Foster - Wednesday, August 3, 2016, 1:08 PM
 

Learning Tools Interoperability® (LTI®) is a specification developed by IMS Global Learning Consortium. It establishes a standard way of integrating rich learning applications, called tools (delivered by tool providers) with platforms such as learning management systems, called tool consumers.

Moodle can be a tool consumer or a tool provider. See the documentation LTI and Moodle for further details.


M

Picture of Penny Leach

Mahara

by Penny Leach - Thursday, December 6, 2007, 10:16 AM
 

Established in 2006, Mahara is the result of a collaborative venture funded by New Zealand's Tertiary Education Commission's e-learning Collaborative Development Fund (eCDF), involving Massey University, Auckland University of Technology, The Open Polytechnic of New Zealand and Victoria University of Wellington.

Released in Feb 2007 Mahara is a fully featured electronic portfolio, weblog, resume builder and social networking system, connecting users and creating online communities.

Mahara is designed to provide users with the tools to demonstrate their learning, skills and development over time to selected audiences.

Meaning `think' or `thought' in Te Reo Maori, the name reflects the project's dedication to creating a user-centred life-long learning and development application as well as the belief that technology solutions cannot be developed outside the considerations of pedagogy and policy.

Mahara is provided freely as Open Source software (under the GNU General Public License). In brief, this means that you are allowed to copy, use and modify Mahara provided you agree to; provide the source code to others; not modify or remove the original license and copyrights, and apply this same license to any derivative work.

For further information please see https://eduforge.org/projects/mahara/ and http://mahara.org


moi!!! it is what is is...

MAMP

by Colin Fraser - Wednesday, February 10, 2010, 12:34 AM
 
Mac, Apache, MySQL and PHP configuration - for the Mac.

Picture of Usman Asar

MariaDB

by Usman Asar - Wednesday, June 8, 2016, 8:53 PM
 

MariaDB is community developed database based on popular database MySQL. MariaDB was forked from MySQL, and maintains many of the same features, APIs and commands used in MySQL. MariaDB can be accessed for administration using PHPMyAdmin, the same tool used for MySQL. 

MariaDB uses the "XtraDB" storage engine which is a drop-in replacement of InnoDB used by MySQL and a new storage engine called Aria. 


Picture of Don Hinkelman

martinized

by Don Hinkelman - Tuesday, January 20, 2004, 12:53 PM
 
"Martinized" was originally a patented dry cleaning process by a North American firm. Now it refers to a similar process occurring when the moodle chief developer thoughtfully thoughtful checks over code submitted for inclusion in the next updated version.

Picture of Paula Edmiston

meta tag

by Paula Edmiston - Wednesday, December 10, 2003, 2:32 PM
 

Meta Data is data about data, describing the type of data under discussion. Meta tags in HTML are used to identify which version of HTML is in use, the language (both used by the browser to parse, or interpret the code) and other technical information. Two special meta tags of great interest to web weavers are the content and keyword tags. These provide special information that's often used by search engines to enhance retrieval of the page.

Gmads

MID

by Guillermo Madero - Monday, December 14, 2015, 8:53 PM
 

Moodle Installation Directory


moi!!! it is what is is...

Migrate

by Colin Fraser - Monday, May 30, 2011, 3:06 PM
 

The term used to describe moving a Moodle site from one server to another.


Dan at desk in Moodle HQ, Perth

MLP

by Dan Poltawski - Wednesday, January 30, 2008, 8:15 PM
 
Mindless Link Propagation

Martin Dougiamas

Moodle

by Martin Dougiamas - Friday, October 17, 2003, 11:24 PM
 
Moodle was originally an acronym for Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment, but now it's just a name. smile

It's also a verb: "I try and moodle every day!"

Tim at Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary

Moodle Docs

by Tim Hunt - Monday, December 5, 2011, 10:25 PM
 
Moodle Docs is the Moodle Documentation wiki, where the Moodle community documents Moodle. There are separate wikis for each version of Moodle.

Martin Langhoff - Sailing

Moodle Exchange

by Martín Langhoff - Wednesday, June 13, 2007, 1:39 PM
 
This area is for exchanging complete Moodle courses in Moodle Backup format, as well as other content like glossaries or quiz banks.

All content in here is free to download and use, and you can add and update your own content whenever you like.

The Moodle Exchange is at: http://moodle.org/course/view.php?id=15

(This entry can be replaced with a Resource pointing to Moodle Exchange so that the link is more direct wink )

Martin Dougiamas

Moodle Partners

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, April 27, 2005, 11:23 PM
 
The Moodle Partners are a group of companies affiliated with moodle.com who:
  • Are very knowledgeable and supportive of the Moodle project
  • Provide quality Moodle services such as hosting and consulting
  • Support Moodle development directly via royalty payments
  • Are often found around moodle.org, helping people for free
For more information about Partners (and perhaps even becoming one) see the moodle.com/partners site.

moi!!! it is what is is...

MoodleCloud

by Colin Fraser - Tuesday, December 19, 2017, 3:28 PM
 
MoodleCloud is Moodle hosting from the people that make Moodle. See https://moodlecloud.com  for details.

moi!!! it is what is is...

MSSQL

by Colin Fraser - Monday, June 20, 2016, 8:46 PM
 

One of the database types supported by Moodle's implementation of the database interface layer. There are a large number of implementations of MSSQL, and it would appear that Moodle works with the latest versions.   


Picture of Emma Richardson

MUA

by Emma Richardson - Thursday, January 28, 2016, 2:28 AM
 

Picture of Jon Bolton

Multiple Choice Question

by Jon Bolton - Wednesday, April 17, 2019, 8:13 PM
 

A multiple-choice question (MCQ) is composed of two parts: a stem that identifies the question or problem, and a set of alternatives or possible answers that contain a key that is the best answer to the question, and a number of distractors that are plausible but incorrect answers to the question.

It is one of the core question types in Moodle.


More information:


Useful reading:


Related Moodle plugins:


Martin Dougiamas

MySQL

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, June 22, 2016, 7:28 AM
 
MySQL is the world's most popular open source database, recognized for its speed and reliability.

N

Ben talking on the phone beside a monitor

nickname

by ben reynolds - Friday, May 17, 2013, 3:43 PM
 

A nickname is a descriptive name given in place of or in addition to the official name of a person, place or thing.

Nickname often denotes the diminutive form of a person's legal first name, or it denotes an alternative for a person's legal first name.

Diminutive: "Ben" for "Benjamin."
Alternative: "ian" for "Choon."

See also, Customised usernames, user profile field, friendly name.


Martin Dougiamas

nightly

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:25 PM
 
A Moodle Nightly is built automatically every day from the most recent code, and is available from the Moodle.org download page. It can be useful if you don't have CVS, but you want to try the latest features. It can also contain bugs, since they may not have been well-tested yet.

Martin Langhoff - Sailing

NZVLE Project

by Martín Langhoff - Friday, June 3, 2005, 1:29 PM
 

NZ Open Source VLE Project is a New Zealand-based project, hosted at Eduforge.org

It is helping Moodle adoption as part of a greater project of developing OSS e-learning application software for deployment throughout New Zealands education sector. System integration of portal website framework, lcms, content creation tools and modular toolkit.


O

Picture of Tom Murdock

Oodle-Moodle

by Tom Murdock - Saturday, October 4, 2003, 6:50 AM
 
A symptom or psychoses prompted by too much Moodling. Oodle-Moodle often manifests itself in relationships that have been stunted while Moodling. Husbands, wives, and children may ask an oodled soul to "step away from the machine" and to communicate once again with hand gestures and verbal cues rather than emoticons.

Might be contagious.

Picture of Helen Foster

OP

by Helen Foster - Friday, February 26, 2016, 5:01 PM
 
Short for Original Poster, in other words the person starting the discussion.

Picture of Lionel Redelinghuys

Oracle

by Lionel Redelinghuys - Friday, September 25, 2009, 3:19 PM
 
A commercial database management system like MS SQL with an Open Source leg.

Jason Jolaoso

OS or Operating System

by Jason Jolaoso - Thursday, December 17, 2015, 7:43 AM
 
Operating System in computing is defined as a system software that:

i.controls hardware and serves as interface between user and hardware.
ii.controls input and output of data or infomation
iii.serves as a platform for managing general applications/software or customized software

looking through the window

Outcomes

by Maryel Mendiola - Sunday, February 28, 2010, 3:25 AM
 
An Outcome is like any other grade except that it can be applied to multiple activities. When the activity is marked, a mark should be given for the submission itself and for the outcome.


Outcomes are newly introduced in Moodle 1.9


basically implements a way to connect outcome statements with Scales.
Scales themselves are connected to courses and their activities.



Example

ExampleOutcome: ‘Identityin social psychology’

Scales:{Refuser, Drifter, Searcher, Guardian, Resolver}

P

Picture of Helen Foster

PEAR

by Helen Foster - Thursday, June 30, 2005, 1:44 PM
 

An acronym for PHP Extension and Application Repository. PEAR is a framework and distribution system for reusable PHP components.

For more information see http://pear.php.net/.


Think I am older now :)

permission

by Chris Collman - Tuesday, January 12, 2016, 11:38 PM
 

A permission is a part of a role which allows or denies a someone to use a feature or function of Moodle.  There are over 450 different permissions settings in any Moodle role.   Each permission has 1 of 4 states that can be assigned to it: "not set", "allow", "prevent", and "prohibit.  Editing or creating new roles on the site level can be complicated. In part because of the hierarchical nature of contexts.  In many contexts, roles or permissions can be overridden, and the permitted user will see a shortened list of permissions appropriate to the context.


moi!!! it is what is is...

phpMyAdmin

by Colin Fraser - Monday, May 30, 2011, 3:06 PM
 

another PHP Application that can be used to administer your Moodle database. It has an intuitive interface that is actually very basic and it is easy to setup and use.  Is a free tool and is downloadable from the phpMyAdmin site. It has also been bundled with the Xampp-lite/Moodle package.


Picture of Usman Asar

Plesk

by Usman Asar - Wednesday, June 8, 2016, 8:43 PM
 

Plesk is a commercial hosting management program that can be used to manage the account management interface. Plesk can be used for multiple distros of Linux (Ubuntu, Redhat, Cloud Linux, Debian) and Windows Server 2008 and 2012 servers. 


Gmads

PMA

by Guillermo Madero - Thursday, December 17, 2015, 7:45 AM
 

phpMyAdmin. A tool to manage your Moodle database with, if you have Admin access rights. Used with MySQL and MariaDB database servers. 


Picture of Mark Johnson

POC

by Mark Johnson - Monday, May 30, 2011, 3:06 PM
 

Proof Of Concept - a prototype created to show that an idea is technically fesible.  While the prototype probably isn't suitable for real-world use, it provides a starting point for discussion and design of a real solution.


Picture of Andrew McMillan

PostgreSQL

by Andrew McMillan - Wednesday, November 24, 2004, 4:56 PM
 
PostgreSQL is a full-featured open-source database with many enterprise features, including:
  • Support for database transactions
  • Strong support for SQL-92 standard
  • Native external interfaces for ODBC, JDBC, C, C++, PHP, Perl, TCL, Python and Ruby
  • Referential integrity
  • Internal functions can be written in C, C++, Java, Perl, TCL, Python, Ruby, PHP and PL/PgSQL
  • Insert/Update/Delete Triggers
  • Inheritance
  • Unicode
  • Extensible data types
  • Indexes on functions
PostgreSQL scales well into large multi-user environments, where the application has significantly intermixed reading and writing activity.

See http://www.postgresql.org/ for more information.

Picture of Sam Mudle

Postnuke

by Sam Mudle - Friday, January 13, 2006, 4:26 PM
 

Postnuke is a free, open source, database driven php website. Many Moodle people use postnuke as a front end page to forums, calendars, guestbook and other non-education specific activities. There are literaly thousands of free themes, and hundreds of open source modules that a postnuke site can use.

However, the administration and permission system UI for postnuke can be daunting for newbies, and often requires some basic knowledge of php coding to implement many tasks.

http://www.postnuke.com/

A great website for educators to start at is the postnuke education forum.


moi!!! it is what is is...

Production Site

by Colin Fraser - Friday, September 25, 2009, 3:18 PM
 
A production site is site that is publicly operating, it has courses and is being used by anyone enrolled.

Q

moi!!! it is what is is...

Q'n'D

by Colin Fraser - Saturday, May 5, 2018, 9:37 AM
 

Quick and Dirty. Usually a reference to a specific kludge or a specific, rapid response to an immediate problem. 


R

Picture of Idoia Puente

RELOAD

by Idoia Puente - Tuesday, May 29, 2007, 5:21 PM
 

Reusable eLearning Object Authoring & Delivery


Picture of Robert Leskovar

RSS

by Robert Leskovar - Friday, June 25, 2004, 3:15 AM
 

RSS is a Web content syndication format.
Its name is an acronym for Really Simple Syndication.
RSS is a dialect of XML. All RSS files must conform to the XML 1.0 specification, as published on the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) website. Subordinate to the <rss> element is a single <channel> element, which contains information about the channel (metadata) and its contents.

(extracted from http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss)


S

Picture of Cristi Ionescu

SCORM

by Cristi Ionescu - Friday, September 29, 2006, 11:35 PM
 

Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a collection of standards and specifications for web-based e-learning. It defines communications between client side content and a host system called the run-time environment (commonly a function of a learning management system). SCORM also defines how content may be packaged into a transferrable ZIP file.
After going through SCORM standards 1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 2004 first edition, the current latest version is SCORM 2004 2nd edition.


Martin Dougiamas

sections

by Martin Dougiamas - Monday, October 6, 2003, 11:10 PM
 
The areas within a course that hold activities are known as sections. This is a generic term that covers weeks and topics.

Martin Dougiamas

server

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:26 PM
 
This is where your web site or database, or both, resides. You may choose to run your own server or have a hosting provider look after this for you.

Picture of Lukas Haemmerle

Shibboleth

by Lukas Haemmerle - Saturday, July 2, 2005, 1:29 AM
 
Shibboleth is not only a kind of linguistic password that identifies one as a member of an 'in' group, it's also the name of a middleware project of Internet2.

The Shibboleth project is developing architectures, policy structures, practical technologies and an open source implementation (also called Shibboleth) to support inter-institutional sharing of (web) resources subject to access controls.

Some key concepts of Shibboleth are:
  • Federated Administration
  • Access Control Based on Attributes
  • Active Management of Privacy
  • Standards Based
  • Framework for Multiple, Scaleable Trust and Policy Sets (Federations)
  • Standard Attribute Value Vocabulary
Using Moodle with Shibboleth authentication has the following advantages (depending on the Shibboleth federation you are part of):
  • Access to Moodle can be restricted very accurate (e.g. you allow only students from universities A, B and D to access your Moodle, but not students from universities C and E. Or you allow only medicine students.)
  • User accounts are created automatically as soon as a user logs in the first time.
  • The user profiles are set up automatically (e.g. the users firstname, surname and email address is inserted the first time a user logs in)
  • The user profiles can automatically kept up-to date all the time
  • So you don't have to care anymore for user management issues because this is basically handled by the Identity Provider of the Shibboleth user (e.g. the home university).
  • Once Shibboleth users are authenticated, they can access other Shibboleth-enabled resources without loggin in another time. Due to this single sign-on mechanism, they e.g. can jump from one Moodle installation to another or the can access a Shibboleth-protected library or a web shop, always being authenticated.
Plans for the future concerning Moodle:
  • Automatic course enrollment according to Shibboleth attributes.


Martin Dougiamas

SMTP

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 4:57 PM
 
Short for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, a protocol for sending e-mail messages between servers. Most e-mail systems that send mail over the Internet use SMTP to send messages from one server to another. In addition, SMTP is generally used to send messages from a mail client (or a program like Moodle) to a mail server.

Martin Dougiamas

social constructionism

by Martin Dougiamas - Thursday, January 8, 2004, 9:01 PM
 

Social constructionism is a term that defines a particular view of education. It acknowledges constructivism as a description of what each learner experiences, while focussing on the power of constructing artifacts (like text) within a social environment.

From this point of view, education is best served by creating experiences that would be best for learning from the learner's point of view, rather than just publishing and assessing the information you think they need to know. Each participant in a course can be a teacher as well as a learner. A 'teacher' in this environment is an influencer and role model of class culture, connecting with others in a personal way that addresses their own learning needs, and moderating discussions and activities in a way that collectively leads students towards the learning goals of the class.

Moodle tries to promote this view, but is not constrained by it.

Picture of Sakshi Goel

SOP

by Sakshi Goel - Tuesday, July 9, 2013, 3:19 PM
 

Standard Operating Procedure.


Art Lader

spam

by Art Lader - Sunday, May 15, 2005, 12:32 PM
 
Electronic junk mail or junk newsgroup postings. Some people define spam even more generally as any unsolicited e-mail. However, if a long-lost brother finds your e-mail address and sends you a message, this could hardly be called spam, even though it's unsolicited. Real spam is generally e-mail advertising for some product sent to a mailing list or newsgroup.
In addition to wasting people's time with unwanted e-mail, spam also eats up a lot of network bandwidth. Consequently, there are many organizations, as well as individuals, who have taken it upon themselves to fight spam with a variety of techniques. But because the Internet is public, there is really little that can be done to prevent spam, just as it is impossible to prevent junk mail. However, some online services have instituted policies to prevent spammers from spamming their subscribers.

There is some debate about the source of the term, but the generally accepted version is that it comes from the Monty Python song, "Spam spam spam spam, spam spam spam spam, lovely spam, wonderful spam" Like the song, spam is an endless repetition of worthless text. Another school of thought maintains that it comes from the computer group lab at the University of Southern California who gave it the name because it has many of the same characteristics as the lunchmeat Spam:

Nobody wants it or ever asks for it.
No one ever eats it; it is the first item to be pushed to the side when eating the entree.
Sometimes it is actually tasty, like 1% of junk mail that is really useful to some people.

source

Picture of Markus Ebenhoeh

SQL

by Markus Ebenhoeh - Saturday, July 5, 2008, 5:29 AM
 
short for 'Structured Query Language'


(I entered this entry only because a forum search for 'firebird' also brought up ALL the entries that included 'sql' even as a substring as e.g. in 'mysqladmin'.)



Hi!

SVG

by Waldeck Schutzer - Friday, September 25, 2009, 3:17 PM
 

SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) is a markup language based on XML for representing two-dimensional vector graphics. It allows for both static and dynamic graphics. Vector graphics usually perform better when compared to raster formats like JPEG, PNG or GIF, and can be rescaled arbitrarily without loss of quality, and the rescaling does not imply a larger digital footprint. Thus, for instance, the graphics for printing an entire outdoor picture could fit in just a couple megabytes of disk space (the same as a good cellphone picture) without loosing its quality.

SVG can also be used to represent text where the required fonts are unavailable, by converting each individual character to a set of graphical paths. It can also be used to represent other types of content like mathematical formulas,

Some web browsers have native (but incomplete) support for SVG. The list includes browsers based on the gecko engine (Firefox, Netscape, Camino, Epiphany, and SeaMonkey), browsers based on the webkit engine (Safari, Chrome, OmniWeb), Opera and Amaya. On the other hand, browsers based on the MSHTML engine (Internet Explorer, Wikibrowse, Maxthon, and NetCaptor) do not provide support for SVG.

References

  1. The W3C recommendation on SVG.
  2. SVG on Wikipedia.

T

Picture of Darren Smith

TIA

by Darren Smith - Monday, May 2, 2005, 3:59 AM
 

This is an abbreviation for 'Thanks in advance'

Often used in usenet but has become increasingly popular in e-mails, text messages, instant messages, chat rooms and forum posts. In fact, you could come across this abbreviation in any modern electronic communication.


moi!!! it is what is is...

Turnitin

by Colin Fraser - Tuesday, January 5, 2016, 8:52 AM
 

An anti-plagiarism module originally developed by Dan Marsden, but was redeveloped by Turnitin, who now maintain it, as a Third Party Plugin. John McGettrick is the Lead on behalf of Turnitin.   


U

Picture of Ian Darwin

UNIX

by Ian Darwin - Friday, March 4, 2005, 6:19 AM
 
UNIX is a computer operating system that originated around 1970 at Bell Laboratories and has been in continuous use and development since.
Linux is a rewrite of UNIX, whereas FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, Mac OS X and Solaris, among others, are descendants of the original UNIX implementation.

Today UNIX and Linux run the majority of servers and other "infrastructure" on the Internet, but is also used on a lot of desktop systems (including Mac OS X, the #2 best-selling commercial operating system in the world).

Martin Dougiamas

upload

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:19 PM
 
To move your files from a personal computer "up" to a server. Also see FTP and download.

Martin Dougiamas

URL

by Martin Dougiamas - Monday, November 3, 2003, 1:04 AM
 

A Uniform Resource Locator is the address that is used to reach a website. For example, http://moodle.org/

Martin Dougiamas

Usability

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, March 2, 2005, 7:28 PM
 
The effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction with which users can achieve tasks in a particular environment of a product. High usability means a system is: easy to learn and remember; efficient, visually pleasing and fun to use; and quick to recover from errors.

With software, the usability is very dependent on the interface.

Picture of David Mudrák

UTSL

by David Mudrák - Thursday, November 27, 2014, 3:18 AM
 
"Use The Source, Luke". See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UTSL

Picture of James Irwin

UTT

by James Irwin - Tuesday, December 9, 2008, 1:20 AM
 
UTT is a forum term and is an abbreviation of Undescriptive Thread Title.

Examples of this could be "hey guys" or "funny pic".

V

Picture of Amy Lock

VET

by Amy Lock - Wednesday, February 7, 2018, 3:26 PM
 

Vocational Education and Training. 


This is a term used in Australia to refer to programs that are aimed at trades or skills-based vocations. For example, an electrician would undertake a VET course in order to become an electrician and would learn the skills during the process, but a lawyer would not. VET courses can be delivered through schools, universities, TAFEs (Technical and Further Education providers) or RTOs (Registered Training Organisations). 

VET courses can start from Cert I (basic skills) and go all the way up to Advanced Diploma level. (The order goes Cert I, Cert II, Cert III, Cert IV, Diploma, Advanced Diploma) 


Picture of sushumna rao

VM

by sushumna rao - Wednesday, February 7, 2018, 3:26 PM
 

Virtual Machine usually called a VM is a self-contained application environment which acts as dedicated hardware.


W

moi!!! it is what is is...

WAMP

by Colin Fraser - Friday, September 25, 2009, 3:17 PM
 
WAMP = Windows - Apache - MySQL - PHP configuration of the Moodle environment.

Picture of David Scotson

Web Developer Extension for Firefox

by David Scotson - Wednesday, January 19, 2005, 6:11 PM
 

This is an add-on or extension for the Firefox browser that adds a variety of tools useful for web developers manipulating HTML and CSS.

It is available from Mozilla Update though the most recent version is usually available from the author's website

Highly recommended.


Picture of Kingsley Kerce

WebDAV

by Kingsley Kerce - Monday, July 26, 2004, 11:54 PM
 
WebDAV stands for "Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning" and is a set of extensions to the HTTP protocol which allow users to collaboratively edit and manage files on remote web servers.  WebDAV is sometimes shortened to DAV.

Since at least 1998, Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) working groups have published RFCs on WebDAV and related issues. These publications are considered specifications for versioning, access control, searching, and ordering of resources. Many of the specifications have been implemented in software that is present in many open source and commercial offerings.

See webdav.org for more information. Also, search the web for articles about WebDAV in the popular computing press.


Picture of Usman Asar

WIMP

by Usman Asar - Thursday, December 17, 2015, 7:45 AM
 

Its a combination of server setup for any website/web based application, where Operating platform (Windows), web server (IIS), database servers (MySQL or Microsoft SQL Server) application server (PHP), hence the term WIMP

Other similar combination based on Windows platform can be WAMP (Windows, Apache, MySQL and PHP).


Picture of Pablo Etcheverry

WIP

by Pablo Etcheverry - Tuesday, February 3, 2004, 11:12 PM
 
Work In Progress.

Martin Dougiamas

wwwroot

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, November 19, 2003, 4:28 PM
 
This is the setting inside config.php that tells Moodle where it is installed.  It has to be a full URL to the web site's "natural" address.  Some web sites may work under more than one address (for example www.example.com and example.com) but you should pick the main one.

Head

WYSIWYG

by Jon Witts - Tuesday, April 6, 2010, 9:12 PM
 
WYSIWYG is an acronym for "What You See Is What You Get".

X

moi!!! it is what is is...

XAMPP-lite

by Colin Fraser - Thursday, October 21, 2010, 9:30 PM
 

From Apache Friends the Xampp-lite Moodle installation package is a one stop installer for Apache, PHP, MySQL and Moodle. Originally developed for its simplicity of installation, Xampp-lite was designed, essentially, for stand alone computers using Windows, so that courses could be developed offline. It is generally agreed that it is not a suitable environment for a production site.


Martin Dougiamas

XHTML

by Martin Dougiamas - Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 2:29 PM
 
XHTML will eventually replace HTML as the language used to program web pages for display in your web browser. It's actually very similar to HTML, but has stricter rules about the formatting. As the world moves to XHTML web browsers will display pages more consistently, and the web will also be more accessible to people with disabilities.

Hi!

XML

by Waldeck Schutzer - Friday, September 25, 2009, 3:13 PM
 

XML (eXtensible Markup Language) comes virtually unchanged from the ISO 8879 standard SGML for the implementation of markup languages. It is a general purpose specification that aims at representing with simplicity documents with high quality and usability.

Examples of markup languages coming from xml are xhtml, mathml, musicml, graphml and svg. Applications like OpenOffice use the ooxml file format to represent word processing documents, spreadsheets, presentations and charts. This file format is essentially a zip file containing xml documents.

Although it is very similar to xhtml, the html specification is not a xml markup language.

References

  1. XML on Wikipedia
  2. The W3C recommendation on XML

Z

Matt Bury

ZPD

by Matt Bury - Friday, May 17, 2013, 3:44 PM
 

The zone of proximal development, often abbreviated ZPD, is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help. It is a concept introduced yet not fully developed by Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896 – 1934) during the last two years of his life. Also, many theorists are still applying to their work today.

Vygotsky stated that a child follows an adult's example and gradually develops the ability to do certain tasks without help. Vygotsky's often-quoted definition of zone of proximal development presents it as...

"...the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers. For example, two 8 yr. old children may be able to complete a task that an average 8 yr. old can do. Next, more difficult tasks are presented with very little assistance from an adult. In the end, both children were able to complete the task. However, the styles methods they chose depended on how far they were willing to stretch their thinking process."

Vygotsky and some educators believe education's role is to give children experiences that were within their zones of proximal development, thereby encouraging and advancing their individual learning.

"The zone of proximal development defines functions that have not matured yet, but are in a process of maturing, that will mature tomorrow, that are currently in an embryonic state; these functions could be called the buds of development, the flowers of development, rather than the fruits of development, that is, what is only just maturing."

Source: Wikipedia.org



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