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(1850-1864) A revolt by the people of China against the ruling Manchu Dynasty because of their failure to deal effectively with the opium problem and the interference of foreigners.
The collection of Jewish writings that is the basis of Jewish religious law.
Taoism / Daoism
The Chinese philosophy of Taoism (or Daoism) developed in the latter part of the Chou Dynasty, during a period of turmoil in which it was not clear that Chinese civilization would survive. It represents a naturalistic ideal of how one should live their life. The Chinese term Tao can be translated into English, meaning "the way." It is a philosophy which teaches that nature has a "way" in which it moves, and that people should passively accept the "way" of nature, rather than resist it. One concept related to this is that of wu-wei, which means "not doing." This means that people should not act unnaturally by doing things, but rather should openly accept the natural way. An emphasis is placed on the link between people and nature. Taoism teaches that this link lessened the need for rules and order, and leads one to a better understanding of the world.
A tax on imports.
A Japanese ritual in which tea is prepared, served, and drunk in a certain way.
tools and skills people use (i.e. computers and machines assist in research and production)
A device used to see distant objects, such as those in space.
The use of violence for political purpose.
Theory of Relativity
Theory of motion and energy developed by Albert Einstein in the 20th century.
Three Gorges Dam
Tiananmen Square Massacre
(1603-1867) Feudal Warlord rulers of Japan. Responisble for closing Japan off from the rest of the world. Overthrown during the Meiji Restoration.
The red gateway entrance to a Shinto shrine.
A state or country completely controlled by a single power, such as a monarch or dictator.
Totalitarianism- Of or relating to the government haveing total controll of of ones life
The exchange of goods or service between people.
A gathering of merchants, craftsmen, and artisans to buy and sell goods and service during late Middle Ages.
A long-established custom or belief.
Economic system in which decisions are made on the
Treaty of Nanjing
(1842) An unequal treaty between Great Britain and China resulting from the Opium War. The treaty stated that China was to reimburse Britain for costs incurred fighting the war. The Chinese were forced to open several ports to British trade, provide Britain with complete control of Hong Kong, and grant extraterritoriality to British citizens living in China.
Treaty of Portsmouth
Treaty of Tordesillas
A treaty dividing the New World possessions between Portugal and Spain. This treaty, signed in 1494 was a product of the Catholic Church.
Treaty of Versailles
A form of combat where armies fight each other from opposing fortified positions, usually consisting of long, dugout holes or trenches.
A catch all phrase for the trade occurring between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Trade goods include raw materials from the Americas, manufactured goods from Europe, and slaves from Africa.
The organization, culture, or beliels of a tribe.
The collection of religious writings by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha.
An alliance that was made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy during World War I.
An alliance that was made up of France, Russia, and Great Britain during World War I.
A policy if the Truman presidency that called for supporting any nation resisting communism.
(1674-1741) British farmer and inventor, created the mechanical seed drill to aid in planting.
Two Treatises of Government
Also known as The Three Baskets of Wisdom, a book written by John Locke describing his views on government which explained that all men have Natural Rights, which are Life, Liberty, and Property, and that the purpose of government was to protect these rights. This book is the basis for many modern democracies.