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A system of forced labor.
Ethnic group of indo-European descent which includes Russians, Bulgarians, and Poles.
A highly contagious disease. Symptoms include high fever and scar-producing blisters. It can be fatal.
A group of people within a society who share the same social, political, and economic status.
Theory of Thomas Hobbes that states the people form a social contract with government where they give up all rights for protection from other citizens.
Social Contract, The
French philosopher Jean Jaques Rousseau's book in which he wrote that people were basically good, and that society, and its unequal distribution of wealth, were the cause of most problems. Rousseau believed that government should be run according to the will of the majority, which he called the General Will. He claimed that the General Will would always act in the best interest of the people.
A social theory which states that the level a person rises to in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background.
Rights such as freedom of expression, education
A political system where the means of production are controlled by the workers and all things are shared evenly. Socialist policies provide for government funding of many basic needs such as food, shelter, and medical care.
Society of Jesus
Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1540 to setup schools and serve as missionaries, spreading church teachings.
An independent Polish labor Union which fought against communism in Poland in the 1980s. Most notable for helping to end communism in Poland and throughout Eastern Europe.
The right of a country to govern itself without interference.
Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.)
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Formed in 1922 from most of the former Russian Empire. The Soviet Union was controlled by the Communist Party headquarter in Moscow, Russia. The Soviet Union was a world superpower along with the United States, and was one of the two major antagonist during the Cold War.
Term given to the competition between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War to advance their space programs.
A reusable space vehicle built by the United States.
(1898) A war between the United States and Spain over the control of Cuba. The United States won this war and gained independence for Cuba, and control of the Philippines.
spheres of influence
An area of one country under the control of another. In China, these areas guaranteed specific trading privileges to each imperialist nation within its respective sphere.