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Art form practiced by the Greeks during the 5th century BCE. Portrays the human form very realistically, but in its perfect form.
Writing system that uses pictures of ideas.
An organized system of beliefs, values, and ideas. They form the basis of a political, social, and economic philosophy.
The movement of people from one nation to another.
The complete control of a weaker nation
The bringing in of goods from another country for sale or trade.
Indian National Congress
Nationalistic organization in India with the purpose of ending British control. Prominent members include Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
Indian Nationalist Movement
Nationalist movement to end British control of India.
A social philosophy which stresses the importance of the individual above society.
Letters of forgiveness for one's sins provided by the medieval Church, and one of the causes of the Reformation.
In the second half of the 19th century, it was the fundamental change in the way goods were produced through the use of machines, capital, and the centralization of work forces in factories. It completely altered the social, economic, and political structure of most of Europe, Japan, and the United States.
The change to industrial methods of production such as the use of factories.
the act of killing an infant
The raising of prices on consumer goods due to an increase in the money supply.
Term given to the Internet due to the amount of information transferred.
To gain something when someone dies, such as property or money.
Financial protection on property or people against loss, theft, or death.
Mutual assistance or reliance between two or more parties.
International Court of Justice
Headquartered at the Hague, the Court started work in April of 1946. The Court usually hears only cases brought before it by any of the 189 U.N. Member States, but has made several concessions over the years.
International Monetary Fund
An international organization established to promote monetary cooperation, exchange stability, and economic growth. The IMF also works to lower unemployment and help countries in debt manage their finances.
A global network of computers that communicate through phone and satellites. The Internet has services such as the World Wide Web and e-mail.
The marriage of two people from different ethnic backgrounds.
The entry of forces into a territory through hostile means.
Irish Potato Famine
A famine in 1845 when the main crop of Ireland, potatoes, was destroyed by disease. Irish farmers grew other food items, such as wheat and oats, but Great Britain required them to export those items to them, leaving nothing for the Irish to live on. As a result, over 1 million Irish died of starvation or disease, while millions of others migrated to the United States.
Irish Republican Army (IRA)
A terrorist organization based in Ireland which seeks to remove the British government from the Six Northern Counties which they control.
A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union
A system to bring water to support crops.
Muslims who believe the Quran to be a literal guide to political, social, and religious life.
A land mass surrounded by water.
Israeli - Palestinian Conflict
Israeli War for Independence
(1948-49) War between Israel and the Arab world over the formation of the nation of Israel.