อังคาร, 17 พฤษภาคม 2022, 1:28AM
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O

Olmecs

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
A Mesoamerican civilization that flourished around 1200 C.E.. Achievements include irrigation, a simple calendar and writing system, and small cities.
 

OPEC

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, an international organization concerned with the crude-oil policies of its member states. This organization was founded in 1960, and has 11 members, including Kuwait, Algeria, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Due to their control of most of the world
 

Open Door Policy

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
A policy of the United States that stated China should be open to all nations that which to trade with them. This policy did not include the consent of the Chinese, and was another form of imperialism.
 

Opium War

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
In the early 19th century, Great Britain began importing opium, processed from poppy plants grown in the Crown Colony of India, into China. Chinese officials attempted to ban the importation of the highly addictive opium, but ultimately failed. The British declared war on China in a series of conflicts called the Opium Wars. Superior British military technology allowed them to claim victory and subject the Chinese to a series of unequal treaties.
 

oracle bones

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
In ancient China, they were pieces of bone or turtle shell used by Shang priests to tell the future. They would write a question addressed to either one of the gods, or an ancestor on the bone, then heat it until it cracked. They believed that by studying the pattern of cracks, one could learn the answer to the question. Oracle bones are the oldest example of Chinese writing.
 

Orlando, Vittorio

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
(1860-1952) Prime Minister of Italy during World War I. He was one of the formulators of the Treaty of Versailles.
 

Orthodox Christianity

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
A branch of Christianity developed in the Byzantine Empire, after its split from the Roman Empire. It spread throughout the eastern Mediterranean and Russia.
 

Osama bin Laden

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
(1957- ) Saudi Arabian multimillionaire and leader of the terrorist organization al-Qaeda. He is responsible for numerous terrorist attacks on the United States including the destruction of the World Trade Center.
 

Ottoman Empire

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
Hereditary nation state centered in Turkey. It was founded in the late 13th century after the collapse of the Byzantine Empire and extended across most of Asia Minor and the Middle East. The Ottoman Empire collapsed shortly after World War II.
 

ozone layer

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
The layer of the upper atmosphere where ozone collects. This layer absorbs harmful ultraviolet radiation from the Sun.
 
P

Pacific Rim

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
The countries that border the Pacific Ocean, specifically, the countries of East Asia, considered as an economic unit.
 

pagoda

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
A multistoried building with the corners of the roof curved up that were used as a temple.
 

Pahlavi, Muhammad Reza

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
(1919-1980), Dictator ruler of Iran from 1941 to 1979. He was supported by the United States throughout most of the Cold War due to his anti communist stance. Overthrown during the Iranian Revolution in 1979.
 

Paleolithic Age

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
(750,000 BCE - 10,000 B.C.E.) Old Stone Age. A period of time in human history characterized by the use of stone tools and the use of hunting and gathering as a food source.
 

Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
One time terrorist organization, now considered to be a legitimate political body whose goals have been to create a nation-state for the displaced Palestinians. The PLO is lead by Yasir Arafat.
 

Pan Africanism

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
Nationalistic movement which emphasized the unity of all Africans, and sought to end foreign control.
 

Pan Slavism

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
Nationalistic movement which emphasized the unity of all Slavic peoples, and sought to end foreign control of various Slavic nations.
 

Panama Canal

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
A canal that crosses the isthmus of Panama connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Built by the United States between 1904 and 1914.
 

Pantheon

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
A domed temple in Rome that was completed in 27 BCE, and still stands today.
 

papyrus scrolls

โดย Dr. Prin Singhanart - พฤหัสบดี, 28 กรกฎาคม 2005, 4:27PM
 
Paper like material made from the reeds of the papyrus plant. It was used by the Egyptians for the writing and storing of documents.