No, the patch can't go into your course folders. It will need to be applied to the Moodle code, by someone with access to the files on your server. You can point your site administrator here for instructions on applying patch files - http://docs.moodle.org/en/Development:How_to_apply_a_patch.
Also, it is very useful to vote on bug reports in the Moodle tracker. This increases the likelihood that a fix will be committed in a future release. In this case, there are 2 bug reports - MDL-2238 and MDL-10033. If you haven't done so already, you will need to create an account in the tracker to vote.
Hope that helps,