I'm going to manually install Moodle from scratch (for those who followed my previous post, it turns out that production server is very different from test one, it allows me to create moodledata outside root and has no Softaculous available). Good.
I have created moodledata one level above website 'root'.
I have copied all files in website root and checked that files have 644 permissions and folder 755
I navigate to the website and get an Error 404. I have also tried to open specific files (.e. index.php or install.php) still get Error 404 message.
What could be the issue? Shouldn't the installer start?
Also, more details about how you are installing on your server would be helpful. Which Moodle version? Are you installing to a hosted server? Have you made sure that your server meets all minimum Moodle requirements? What database are you using? How did you copy the files?
I am installing on a hosted server, yes. Hosted by Aruba, an italian provider. I have copied the files with FileZilla.
I don't think it would be a privacy nor security issue to share at least where we are trying to install a moodle. Provider is? Operating system is?
Is this 'production' hosting aleady providing a web application firewall?
One could provide specific instructions or corrections to docs one might find to use to install due to environment. Nginx? Apache as a _? Locate web service logs .... especially the error log ... there should be a clue in there!
Rick might be onto something ... did you create a blank database before attempting to install?
Could be 'outta the pan' and into the fire ... kinda. Plesk is a panel like cPanel.
This might help:
I have been into an OVH hosted server using Plesk before. IF Aruba hosting is same there might be an additional tweak to open_base_directory setting so that one can place moodledata outside of document root for apache.
So the plesk installer will get you up and running ... but what of near future updating and upgrading? Does Plesk have a clickable tool for updating and/or upgrading?
Bug fixes for general core bugs in 3.10.x will end 8 November 2021 (12 months). Bug fixes for security issues in 3.10.x will end 9 May 2022 (18 months)A non-LTS version.
Oh, yeah ... never count out a person that has had K12 experience before working with other industries. Matter of fact, if you want to stress test a moodle (wp or joomla as well), turn just 5 6th grade students at it!
I am installing "manually" (navigating to url, not Linux command line) and everything is kinda of fine. All server requirements are met, but I get two error messages:
one regarding https: it seems the hosting doesn't use the protocol? How possible?
the other regarding the fact that db doesn't use utf8mb4. I'll check these with the host customer support.
Thanks everyone for the help
First, Moodle is easy to install on a server that meets Moodle's requirements. It appears to me that your server might not. Many hosted servers do not.
Second, although an "auto-installer" might work, they fail in the long run. Good to see you trying to install Moodle on your own.
Which Moodle installation docs are you following. I ask because of your "utf8mb4" comment about your database.
As you can see, there are folks here on Moodle.org that will help guide you. There are many different kinds of servers, and for example, my server uses cPanel and not Plesk. So I can't help you via Plesk. As a suggestion, you might want to include some screenshots so that we know what you are seeing. Our eyes only see your words, but a picture every once in a while might help.
I am following this guide: https://docs.moodle.org/35/it/Installare_Moodle
That as far as I can tell, it's a direct translation of this one here: https://docs.moodle.org/310/en/Installing_Moodle
Server seems to meet all requirements. During install I had all green markings on server requirements, besides the two warnings mentioned above, that did not prevented installation anyway.
Warnings I got during installation were (roughly translated back from italian):
1) The site does not use the secure HTTPS protocol. It is strongly recommended to configure the site in HTTPS to increase its security and facilitate integration with other systems.
2) MySQL and MariaDB are set to use 'utf8'. This character set does not support four-byte characters where some emoticons are included and its use will cause errors while saving to the database, resulting in data loss. Please change the character set to 'utf8mb4'. For more information, consult the documentation.
I think I have managed to set MySQL collation to utf8mb4 following this guide:
(Actually, compared to the guide, PHPMyAdmin allowed me to change DB and Table collation at once).
Do get a cert for server now as any development in Moodle will currently record http:// and that will make re-config a little more difficult ... last thing you need considering time other factors, etc..
Getting cert for server depends upon hosting ... and panel ... so maybe this will help:
You are gaining on it!
After getting cert, might be a really good time to do a site backup ... code, DB dump, + moodledata.
I have a "SSL/TLS Certificates" item in my Plesk panel. Accessing the area there's a button "get one free". This should solve the issue, but while I have worked with PHPMyAdmin in the past, I know nothing about server managemet and SSL certificates, so I am less confident on clicking random stuff. I am waiting a reply from the customer support (that is ignoring me, it seems) to have confirmation that that will solve my issue.
The collation should be set to utf8mb4_unicode_ci.
Does your database have both a user and a password? Both will be needed to install Moodle.
I don't seem to see you telling us which version of Moodle you are trying to install?
What is the type, and the version number of your database? A screenshot confirming this would be helpful.
A screenshot showing that your have created the moodledata folder would be helpful. Are you using FileManager in Plesk?
Follow Ken's ideas about an SSL certificate.
Do you know that your server is really up and running? When you go to www.yourdomain.com, does anything show?
(I am traveling this weekend and may not be able to guide you. But others here might help.)
I have managed to install Moodle already. Version is 3.10.3
Database is MySQL, don't know the version.
I do have created moodledata and it has been correctly recognized by the install process.
If I go to www.yourdomain.com I see Moodle frontpage (with a security warning as I have not set up https yet).
Concept: Begin with the end in mind!
In the section entitled:
Set up your server
Two suggested steps (and in order) that should be prelim to the next section
in installing a moodle.
1. Get a fully qualified domain name for your server
Justification: config.php requires a definition for how the site will be
accessed. Using an IP address upon initial install will have to be changed and
if one does begin with the end in mind, using IP address means a re-visit and extra steps to correct.
2. get a valid certification for the site.
Justification: config.php has requires a definition for host the site will be
accessed (URL) that includes http:// or https:// - the latter is protocol used
to access a secure site. Make sure port 443 is opened in firewall and that your web service can respond to https://.
Free cert LetsEncrypt or commercial. Hosting provider should be able to help with either.
Then next step ..
Download and copy files into place
Wiki or not ... anyone can edit or not (nope, not me, thanks!)
Solved! Thanks to Ken's comment above regarding config.php 👍
Just downloaded it and changed http into https.
Put "create a cron job in Plesk" into your search engine. I found:
My issue now is that maximum run frequency option available is once per hour.
There is a "cron style" option that allows to enter some text, possibly the solution lies there, but not sure how to express once evey minute.
I have contacted support to see how to get around this.
I've possibly solved this issue, too:
Now it's time for a new challenge: update (Moodle is warning me that 3.10.4 is out).
Upgrading your moodle might not be too hard. I am not sure if you have been installing a lot of plugins, which could complicate the upgrade. I made some videos that might help, but I made these using cPanel, not Plesk.
Once I have copied the new version files, I have to copy back all themes, plugins, etc. What about plugins I have installed from inside Moodle installer? Even if I have the zip files, how I know where they were copied into?
Also, if I understand it correctly, the Moodle installation directories stay 'clean', only themes and plugins are eventually copied there. All my content (images and files) are in moodledata, so when I update I don't have to bother about these. Is this correct?
No, you don't need to worry about Moodle's standard plugins, only those that you have added. How many have you added via the "zip" files?
You do have to worry about your Moodle's config.php file, as I describe in my video about upgrading.
I have installed just one plugin by uploading its zip file directly from within Moodle. The one that adds Zoom support.
All other stuff I have added were shipped with the theme and I have manually uploaded via FTP in their respective folders, then updated DB from Moodle admin area.
My doubt is: since Zoom plugin has been already installed, I cannot re-install it from within Moodle, am I correct? I just need the files where they are supposed to be.
Problem is: the plugin zip file doesn't tell me where it is supposed to be unpacked (compared to the theme that has all the stuff I need to copy in their parent directories (i.e. theme itself in /themes, additional blocks in /blocks, and so on).
Pardon intrusion ... now that you've installed addon plugins and are beginning to add users etc., it's time for a full site backup ... that's an archive of code directory, a database dump, and minimal moodledata/filedir/
Best way to do a full site backup is command line, but you've already said you have no Terminal icon in Plesk. Thus it is imagined that you will have to use Plesk file browser + PHPMyAdmin to accomplish.
Consult providers FAQ's or Knowledge base and/or Plesk docs.
Do make sure you have enough space to make a full site backup. No one can tell you if you do ... no one could guess about the size of your DB dump nor moodledata/filedir ... so don't ask.
Plesk file browser might help with size of moodledata/filedir/ ... Plesk might also have some info about size of database.
*** DO MAKE A BACKUP ***
Moodle releases new code every week ... not sure many moodle server admins get every update when released ... too disruptive ... so strongly suggest you start working out a plan for updates/upgrades. Talk to your customer.
Basically it's the same as making backups of WP or Joomla (files+db), just with the addition of moodledata.