Yes, it is possible. One way would be to use a Moodle course with File or Folder resource to make pdf versions available for your students, so they can on demand print the paper version. It's not really the way to properly use Moodle, but it could be a start.
Also, you could consider using the Book resource, which allows for delivering content in chapters, much like a book or syllabus.
Once you start using Test, Assignment, Wiki and maybe even H5P to add to this, you might end up with a really nice and well-designed course.